Shabtai Bittman

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and leaching of manure nutrients during winter from forage stands will be less than from bare soil or cover Low-disturbance methods for applying slurry manure on forages crops after harvest of annual crops. are needed that can maximize crop response and minimize loss of The traditional method for spreading liquid manure nutrients to the environment. A new(More)
The potential exists for natural or synthetic hormonal chemicals present in agricultural fertilizers to be transferred to adjacent aquatic environments in order to alter endocrine function in exposed wildlife. Recombinant yeast and mammalian cell line (BG1Luc4E2) assays were used to screen crude organic extracts of municipal biosolids and animal manures for(More)
A collection of 10 accessions of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.), an annual legume, was grown during two summers at three plot locations in western Canada to assess whether genetic (accession) and environmental factors (site and year of production) influenced levels of diosgenin, a steroidal sapogenin. The 60 harvested seed samples, each analyzed(More)
1Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Brandon Research Centre, Box 10000A, R.R. #3, Brandon, Manitoba, Canada R7A 5Y3 (e-mail:; 2Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 6947 No. 7 Highway, P. O. Box 1000, Agassiz, British Columbia, Canada V0M 1A0; 3INRA, 17 rue Sully, 21065 Dijon, Cedex France; 4UMR TCEM “Transfert Sol-Plante et Cycle des éléments(More)
Odor emissions during manure spreading events have become a source of concern, particularly where farms are located nearby urban areas. The objective of the present study was to compare odor concentrations and odor emission rates due to pig manure application using two different types of applicators, a sub-surface deposition system and a conventional(More)
Sleigh-foot application of slurry manure is the best method for applying slurry manure on many forage fields. This study was designed to assess agronomic effectiveness of multi-year surface banding of dairy slurry on a sward of tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.). Our study showed that with this application technology, crop recovery of total-N from(More)
The effect of manure and mineral fertilization on the arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungal community structure of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) plants was studied. Soils were collected from a field experiment treated for 12 years with equivalent nitrogen (N) doses of inorganic N, dairy manure slurry, or without N fertilization. Fresh roots of tall fescue(More)
Epidemiologic and health impact studies are inhibited by the paucity of global, long-term measurements of the chemical composition of fine particulate matter. We inferred PM2.5 chemical composition at 0.1° × 0.1° spatial resolution for 2004-2008 by combining aerosol optical depth retrieved from the MODIS and MISR satellite instruments, with coincident(More)
Like many other coastal regions of the world, open-soil agricultural lands in the Fraser River Delta provide roosting and feeding habitat for non-breeding shorebirds that supplements intertidal habitat. Focusing on dunlin (Calidris alpina pacifica), black-bellied plover (Pluvialis squatorola), killdeer (Charadrius vociferus), and their avian predators(More)
The effect of mechanically aerating grassland before liquid manure application in the fall on surface runoff and transport of nutrients and solids was studied in a high rainfall area. The two treatments were control and aeration, the latter receiving one pass with an aerator perpendicular to the slope before fall application of liquid manure (dairy in Years(More)