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Most existing search result diversification algorithms diversify search results in terms of a specific dimension. In this paper, we argue that search results should be diversified in a multi-dimensional way, as queries are usually ambiguous at different levels and dimensions. We first explore mining subtopics from four types of data sources, including(More)
Sensing technology has been widely investigated and utilized for gas detection. Due to the different applicability and inherent limitations of different gas sensing technologies, researchers have been working on different scenarios with enhanced gas sensor calibration. This paper reviews the descriptions, evaluation, comparison and recent developments in(More)
A large percentage of queries issued to search engines are broad or ambiguous. Search result diversification aims to solve this problem, by returning diverse results that can fulfill as many different information needs as possible. Most existing intent-aware search result diversification algorithms formulate user intents for a query as a flat list of(More)
Bird-strike avoidance system usually uses marine radar with limited resolution for surveillance of low-altitude airspace. When the target of interest is flock in high target density, the targets are so closely spaced so one cell on the radar display always represents several birds. Therefore, it is sometimes not necessary to detect and track individual(More)
—The second generation (2G) cellular networks are the current workhorse for machine-to-machine (M2M) communications. Diversity in 2G devices can be present both in form of multiple receive branches and blind repetitions. In presence of diversity, intersymbol interference (ISI) equalization and co-channel interference (CCI) suppression are usually very(More)