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Glucose transport and glycolysis are two sequential events which are regulated by both physiological and environmental signals in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Transcription of the HXT4 gene was found to be regulated by Gcr1p and Gcr2p, transcription factors that are required for the regulated high level transcriptions of glycolytic genes.(More)
Transcription of SUC2, the gene that encodes the cytoplasmic and secreted forms of the enzyme invertase, is controlled by glucose repression and derepression mechanisms in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Several regulatory factors such as the Mig1p-Tup1p-Ssn6p repressor complex and the Snf1p kinase complex have been identified previously as regulators of SUC2(More)
Transcription of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Ty2-917 retrotransposon depends on regulatory elements both upstream and downstream of the transcription initiation site. An upstream activation sequence (UAS) and a downstream enhancer stimulate transcription synergistically. Here we show that activation by both of these sites depends on the GCR1 product, a(More)
Rhizopus oryzae accumulates and degrades trehalose in response to environmental stress conditions such as heat, osmotic stress, nitrogen starvation and pH. When heat stress was applied to R. oryzae, the trehalose content of the cells was increased from 0.9 to 4.8 mg/g dw and when the stress was relieved it decreased back to 1.1 mg/g dw. Under osmotic stress(More)
Trehalose and glycogen accumulate in certain yeast species when they are exposed to unfavorable growth conditions. Accumulations of these reserve carbohydrates in yeasts provide resistance to stress conditions. The results of this study indicate that certain Pichia species do not accumulate high levels of glycogen and trehalose under normal growth(More)
Transcription of Ty1 and Ty2 retrotransposons of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is modulated by multiple downstream regulatory sites. Both transposon families include a positively acting site within the transcribed region which resembles a higher eukaryotic enhancer. We have demonstrated the existence of a repression site distal to the enhancer of the(More)
Metschnikowia pulcherrima is a highly effective biocontrol yeast due to its pigment pulcherrimin that accumulates in the cells and in the growth medium. Three different strains of M. pulcherrima were isolated from local grapes. The yeast isolates were characterized on the basis of their biochemical, physiological and ITS1-5.8 s rDNA-ITS2 region. Based on(More)
Effects of hyperosmotic stress on the transcriptional regulation of theHXT2 andHXT4 genes ofSaccharomyces cerevisiae were investigated under glucose-repressed and-derepressed growth conditions. Hyperosmotic stress repressed the transcription of theseHXT genes up to 81% depending on growth conditions. Preconditioning of yeast cells for the hyperosmotic(More)
Transcription of the Ty2-917 retrotransposon of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is modulated by a complex set of positive and negative elements, including a negative region located within the first open reading frame, TYA2. The negative region includes three downstream repression sites (DRSI, DRSII, and DRSIII). In addition, the negative region includes at least(More)
Controlled low strength material (CLSM) is a flowable mixture that can be used as a backfill material in place of compacted soils. CLSM (or flowable fill) require no tamping or compaction to achieve its compressive strength and typically has a load carrying capacity much higher than that of compacted soils, but can be proportioned to allow future(More)