Seymour J. Garte

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Using the International Project on Genetic Susceptibility to Environmental Carcinogens (GSEC) database containing information on over 15,000 control (noncancer) subjects, the allele and genotype frequencies for many of the more commonly studied metabolic genes (CYP1A1, CYP2E1, CYP2D6, GSTM1, GSTT1, NAT2, GSTP, and EPHX) in the human population were(More)
Environmental carcinogens contained in air pollution, such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, aromatic amines or N-nitroso compounds, predominantly form DNA adducts but can also generate interstrand cross-links and reactive oxygen species. If unrepaired, such lesions increase the risk of somatic mutations and cancer. Our study investigated the(More)
At least two different polymorphisms in the human CYP1A1 gene have been associated with an increased risk for tobacco-related lung cancer; however, the functional significance of these polymorphisms has not been determined. We measured CYP1A1 genotypes, gene expression levels and enzymatic activity levels in mitogen-stimulated lymphocytes to determine(More)
Individual susceptibility to cancer from environmental agents may be influenced by polymorphic metabolic genes such as CYP1A1. The CYP1A1 gene contains four major polymorphisms identified to date. A modern nomenclature system, used with other genes, is presented to clarify the identity of these polymorphisms. The various CYP1A1 alleles exhibit population(More)
We examined the role of CYP1A1 polymorphisms as potential molecular markers of breast cancer susceptibility in Caucasian and African-American women. The case-control study involved 51 women with breast cancer and 269 female controls. In African-Americans, the frequency of the homozygous MspI polymorphism was 3.5% in controls and 19% in breast cancer cases.(More)
Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is a gene involved in the process of DNA synthesis and methylation. The MTHFR C677T polymorphism has been associated with male infertility. A prospective study was conducted on men seeking care at the infertility clinic in Milano to determine if the MTHFR C677T polymorphism is associated with infertility, and if(More)
A new Msp1 RFLP in the CYP1A1 gene has been found in genomic DNA from African-Americans. The polymorphism results from a single A-T to G-C transition in the 3' noncoding region approximately 300 bp upstream from the polyadenylation site. This mutation leads to cleavage of the normal 2.3 kb MspI restriction fragment into 1.3 and 1.0 kb fragments. The(More)
To estimate the relationship between air pollution and lung cancer, a nested case-control study was set up within EPIC (European Prospective Investigation on Cancer and Nutrition). Cases had newly diagnosed lung cancer, accrued after a median follow-up of 7 years among the EPIC ex-smokers (since at least 10 years) and never smokers. Three controls per case(More)
The endogenous metabolism of estrogens is primarily oxidative and involves hydroxylation of the steroid at either C2 (2-OHE1) or C16 (16-OHE1). While the 2-OHE1 metabolites are essentially devoid of peripheral biological activity, 16-OHE1 is an estrogen agonist. There is evidence of an association between the 2-OHE1/16-OHE1 metabolites ratio and breast(More)
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) appear to be significant contributors to the genotoxicity and carcinogenicity of air pollution present in the urban environment for humans. Populations exposed to environmental air pollution show increased levels of PAH DNA adducts and it has been postulated that another contributing cause of carcinogenicity by(More)