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Proton transfer to and from water is critical to the function of water in many settings. However, it has been challenging to model. Here, we present proof-of-principle for an efficient yet robust model based on Lewis-inspired submolecular particles with interactions that deviate from Coulombic at short distances to take quantum effects into account. This(More)
As the dominant physiological solvent, water drives the folding of biological macromolecules, influences conformational changes, determines the ionization states of surface groups, actively participates in catalytic events, and provides "wires" for long-range proton transfer. Elucidation of all these roles calls for atomistic simulations. However, currently(More)
Generalizing the LEWIS reactive force field from electron pairs to single electrons, we present LEWIS• in which explicit valence electrons interact with each other and with nuclear cores via pairwise interactions. The valence electrons are independently mobile particles, following classical equations of motion according to potentials modified from Coulombic(More)
We propose a pairwise compensation method for long-range electrostatics, as an alternative to traditional infinite lattice sums. The approach represents the third generation in a series beginning with the shifted potential corresponding to counterions surrounding a cutoff sphere. That simple charge compensation scheme resulted in pairwise potentials that(More)
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