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BACKGROUND Pseudomonas aeruginosa is resistant to many antibiotics due to production of different classes of extended spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs). Prevalence of ESBLs among P. aeruginosa has been increased in recent years, demonstrate a serious health problem especially in burn units worldwide. OBJECTIVE Present study was designed to determine the ESBL(More)
BACKGROUND Knowledge about childhood tuberculosis (TB) in Iran is limited. This study aimed to determine the proportion of tuberculosis in children living in Khuzestan in southwest of Iran and its treatment outcomes. METHODS In this retrospective study, the child's medical records registered in national TB program (NTP) unit of Khuzestan Health Center(More)
BACKGROUND A high seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection has been detected in psychiatric patients, particularly in schizophrenia cases. METHODS In the present study 98 patients suffering from schizophrenia (58 inpatients and 40 first-episode patients) and 96 control patients (50 healthy volunteers and 46 with a depressive disorder) were examined(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Viral hepatitis is a serious complication among intravenous drug users (IDUs). The objectives of this study were to determine the seroprevalence of hepatitis B and C viruses (HBV and HCV), and associated risk factors among IDUs at a teaching hospital in Ahvaz, southwest Iran. METHODS Medical records of 333 IDUs hospitalized from 2002(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Tuberculous spondylitis (TS) is both the most common and the most dangerous form of TB infection. Delay in diagnosis and management causes spinal cord compression and spinal deformity. The aim of this study was to identify the clinical and paraclinical aspects and also to describe its risk factors in Khuzestan, a province located(More)
BACKGROUND A number of former studies have shown that tuberculosis (TB) is higher in diabetes mellitus (DM) patients than non-diabetics. Both DM and TB are major public health problems in Iran, and because of the lack of investigation in this field in the region, we conducted this study to evaluate the prevalence of DM in admitted pulmonary tuberculosis(More)
Recent reports have suggested that cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection may contribute to risk of cardiovascular disease. However, relationship between CMV infection and unstable angina (UA) is controversial and studies about this subject in Iran and even region are lacking. The aim of this study was to determine whether unstable angina is related to(More)
BACKGROUND The treatment of human brucellosis is controversial. The purpose of this study was to search published clinical trial papers to provide a simple and effective treatment in brucellosis. METHODS Many studies on brucellosis treatment in a twenty- year span from 1993 to 2012 were searched in PubMed, Web of Science (ISI), Scopus, Google Scholar,(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the incidence and characteristics of the injuries caused by animals among the population of Khuzestan region, Iran admitted to teaching hospital emergency departments. STUDY Retrospective study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY From 1997 to 2006 in teaching hospitals in Ahvaz, Iran. METHODOLOGY The medical records of 894 patients(More)
BACKGROUND CYP2E1 encodes an enzyme which is mainly involved in bioactivation of potential carcinogens such as N-nitrosamines. Polymorphisms in the gene have been reported to be associated with cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate genotype distributions and allele frequencies of five CYP2E1 polymorphisms in Iran. MATERIALS AND METHOD Two hundred(More)