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Escherichia coli causing septicemia in poultry often possess F1 (type 1) and/or P fimbriae which may be involved in bacterial colonization and infection. To investigate the expression of these fimbriae in vivo, two pathogenic E. coli strains with different fimbrial profiles, TK3 (fim+/pap+) and MT78 (fim+/pap-), were administered to 2-week-old chickens by(More)
Virulence mechanisms of avian pathogenic Escherichia coli were investigated by inoculating commercial broiler chickens via the left caudal thoracic air sac with three highly pathogenic and three less pathogenic E. coli isolates. At 6 h postinoculation, all isolates had colonized the respiratory tract (trachea, lungs, and air sacs) and internal organs(More)
To investigate the expression of P and type 1 (F1) fimbriae in pathogenic avian Escherichia coli, fourteen pap+/fim+ E. coli isolates pathogenic for poultry were grown on four complex or minimal media, and examined for the presence of mannose resistant (MR) and mannose sensitive (MS) hemagglutination (HA), and for P or for type 1 (F1) fimbriae using(More)
In order to study the dynamics of avian colibacillosis, commercial broiler chickens were inoculated with a pathogenic Escherichia coli strain (01:K1:H7) into the left caudal thoracic air sac. Chickens were euthanatized at different times from 3 to 48 hr postinoculation and examined for bacterial counts and macroscopic and microscopic lesions. The E. coli(More)
In the present study, the hemagglutinin genes from 12 influenza viruses of the H9N2 subtype were isolated from chicken flocks in different provinces of Iran from 2003 to 2005, amplified and sequenced. All of the 12 isolates showed similar sequences at the cleavage site, RSSF/GLF, bearing eight potential glycosylation sites and sharing the characteristic(More)
Avian infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) is prevalent in all countries with intensive poultry flocks. This disease is characterised primarily by respiratory signs, but some IBV strains may also infect other organs such as the intestinal and urogenital tracts. The aim of this study was to characterise the histopathological lesions and tissue tropism of(More)
Avian influenza is a highly contagious respiratory disease of poultry caused by influenza A viruses, family Orthomyxoviridae. H9N2 avian influenza outbreaks are a major problem of the poultry industry in Iran. To determine the genetic differences between field viruses and the vaccine strain, the genomes of four strains isolated in 2011 from vaccinated(More)
1. The single-copy domain of the N-terminal region of the vlhA gene of Mycoplasma synoviae was sequenced, analysed and verified and used to type Iranian field isolates of M. synoviae and the MS-H live vaccine strain. In addition, a restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) method was developed to differentiate between field isolates of Iranian and(More)
The aims of the present study were to isolate and serotype, determine the Seroprevalence, Drug susceptibility and diagnosis of infection by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). In this study 460 serum samples and 220 tracheal swabs, 90 ovaries and oviduct swabs, 90 misshapen egg shells swabs were collected from 22 broiler breeder flocks of 5 companies.(More)
The northwest of Iran shares long borders with three neighboring countries; therefore, it is considered one of the main entry portals of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) into the country. Ten virulent NDVs were recovered from 19 poultry farms of various prefectures in northwestern Iran during Newcastle disease outbreaks in 2010. The isolates were genotypically(More)