Seyed-Ahmad Ahmadi

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Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the internal pallidal segment (GPi: globus pallidus internus) is gold standard treatment for medically intractable dystonia, but detailed knowledge of mechanisms of action is still not available. There is evidence that stimulation of ventral and dorsal GPi produces opposite motor effects. The aim of this study was to analyse(More)
Workflow recovery is crucial for designing context-sensitive service systems in future operating rooms. Abstract knowledge about actions which are being performed is particularly valuable in the OR. This knowledge can be used for many applications such as optimizing the workflow, recovering average workflows for guiding and evaluating training surgeons,(More)
In this paper, we contribute to the development of context-aware operating rooms by introducing a novel approach to modeling and monitoring the workflow of surgical interventions. We first propose a new representation of interventions in terms of multidimensional time-series formed by synchronized signals acquired over time. We then introduce methods based(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative movement disorder caused by decay of dopaminergic cells in the substantia nigra (SN), which are basal ganglia residing within the midbrain area. In the past two decades, transcranial B-mode sonography (TCUS) has emerged as a viable tool in differential diagnosis of PD and recently has been shown to have(More)
In the field of computer aided medical image analysis, it is often difficult to obtain reliable ground truth for evaluating algorithms or supervising statistical learning procedures. In this paper we present a new method for training a classification forest from images labelled by variably performing experts, while simultaneously evaluating the performance(More)
For the past two decades, medical Augmented Reality visualization has been researched and prototype systems have been tested in laboratory setups and limited clinical trials. Up to our knowledge, until now, no commercial system incorporating Augmented Reality visu-alization has been developed and used routinely within the real-life surgical environment. In(More)
—In this work we analyse the performance of Convolu-tional Neural Networks (CNN) on medical data by benchmarking the capabilities of different network architectures to solve tasks such as segmentation and anatomy localisation, under clinically realistic constraints. We propose several CNN architectures with varying data abstraction capabilities and(More)
We present a novel approach to transcranial B-mode sonography for Parkinson's disease (PD) diagnosis by using 3-D ultrasound (3-DUS). We reconstructed bilateral 3-DUS volumes of the midbrain and substantia nigra echogenicities (SNE) and report results of a more objective abnormality detection in (PD). For classification, we analyzed volumetric measurements(More)
Ultrasound examination of the human brain through the temporal bone window, also called transcranial ultrasound (TC-US), is a completely non-invasive and cost-efficient technique, which has established itself for differential diagnosis of Parkinson's Disease (PD) in the past decade. The method requires spatial analysis of ultrasound hyperechogenicities(More)
We propose a novel, physics-based method for detecting multi-scale tubular features in ultrasound images. The detector is based on a Hessian-matrix eigenvalue method, but unlike previous work, our detector is guided by an optimal model of vessel-like structures with respect to the ultrasound-image formation process. Our method provides a voxel-wise(More)