Learn More
Herpesviruses exist in two states, latency and a lytic productive cycle. Here we identify an immediate-early gene encoded by Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV)/human herpesvirus eight (HHV8) that activates lytic cycle gene expression from the latent viral genome. The gene is a homologue of Rta, a transcriptional activator encoded by Epstein-Barr(More)
A newly recognized gamma herpesvirus known as Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) or human herpesvirus 8 (HHV8) is present in Kaposi sarcomas and body-cavity-based lymphomas. Here we identify a novel abundant 1.2-kb RNA, polyadenylated nuclear RNA (PAN RNA), encoded by the virus. The majority of cDNAs produced from poly(A)-selected RNA isolated(More)
Herpesvirus gene expression can be classified into four distinct kinetic stages: latent, immediate early, early, and late. Here we characterize the kinetic class of a group of 16 Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV)/human herpesvirus 8 genes in a cultured primary effusion cell line and examine the expression of a subset of these genes in KS(More)
Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is a recently discovered human gamma herpesvirus strongly implicated in AIDS-related neoplasms. We report here the identification in the KSHV genome of a gene for a protein designated K-bZIP and belonging to the basic-leucine zipper (bZIP) family of transcription factors. K-bZIP shows significant homology to(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanisms by which 60-Hz alternating current (AC) can induce ventricular fibrillation (VF) are unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied 7 isolated perfused swine right ventricles in vitro. The action potential duration restitution curve was determined. Optical mapping techniques were used to determine the patterns of activation on the(More)
An extracellular alkaline lipase of alkalophilic Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes F-111 was purified to homogeneity. The apparent molecular weight determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was 32,000, and the isoelectric point was 7.3. With p-nitrophenyl esters as its substrates, the enzyme shows preference for C12 acyl and C14(More)
INTRODUCTION Recent advances in the treatment of NSCLC highlight the importance of distinguishing NSCLC subtypes and genotypes. We aimed to determine whether histological specimens obtained from computed tomography (CT)-guided biopsy are suitable for specific subtyping and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) analyses of NSCLC. PATIENTS AND METHODS The(More)
Chemokines induce chemotaxis, cell migration, and inflammatory responses. We report the identification of an interleukin-8 (IL-8) homolog, termed vIL-8, encoded within the genome of Marek's disease virus (MDV). The 134-amino-acid vIL-8 shares closest homology to mammalian and avian IL-8, molecules representing the prototype CXC chemokine. The gene for vIL-8(More)
Enterovirus 71 (EV 71) infections have high neurovirulence and fatality. Immune responses were assessed in 78 patients with EV 71 infection. EV 71 meningoencephalitis occurred more frequently in younger children and in boys. C-reactive protein levels were not elevated, although total leukocyte counts were increased in these patients. The CD40-ligand(More)