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Advances in stem cell biology have generated intense interest in the prospect of transplanting stem cells into the nervous system for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. Here, we report the results of an ongoing phase I trial of intraspinal injections of fetal-derived neural stems cells in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). This is(More)
BACKGROUND Improved outcome measures are necessary to reduce sample size and increase power in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) clinical trials. Motor unit number estimation (MUNE) is a potentially attractive tool. MUNE methods previously employed in multicenter trials exhibited excessive variability and were prone to artifact. OBJECTIVE To evaluate a(More)
UNLABELLED Tarulli AW, Duggal N, Esper GJ, Garmirian LP, Fogerson PM, Lin CH, Rutkove SB. Electrical impedance myography in the assessment of disuse atrophy. OBJECTIVE To quantify disuse atrophy using electrical impedance myography (EIM), a noninvasive technique that we have used successfully to study neurogenic and myopathic atrophy. DESIGN We(More)
Localized bioimpedance analysis is a novel, noninvasive technique with potential application to neuromuscular disease. In this procedure, high-frequency alternating current is passed through muscle, and parameters related to the consequent voltage pattern are evaluated. Currents flowing perpendicular to muscle fibers encounter many more cell membranes than(More)
The last 30 years have seen a major advance in the understanding of the clinical and pathological heterogeneity of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and its overlap with frontotemporal dementia. Multiple, seemingly disparate biochemical pathways converge on a common clinical syndrome characterized by progressive loss of upper and lower motor neurons.(More)
OBJECTIVE Standard outcome measures used for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) clinical trials, including the ALS functional rating scale-revised (ALSFRS-R), maximal voluntary isometric contraction testing (MVICT), and manual muscle testing (MMT), are limited in their ability to detect subtle disease progression. Electrical impedance myography (EIM) is a(More)
As proximal nerves are relatively spared in length-dependent, axonal polyneuropathy, we theorized that a sural/radial amplitude ratio (SRAR) might be a sensitive indicator of mild polyneuropathy. In this study, sural amplitudes and SRARs in patients with signs of mild axonal polyneuropathy were compared to those of normal, age-matched control subjects.(More)
Although the effect of low temperature on the peripheral nervous system has been systematically studied, the effect of high temperature has not. We investigated the effect of elevating limb temperature from 32 degrees C to 42 degrees C by performing sequential motor studies, antidromic sensory studies, and 3-Hz repetitive stimulation in normal subjects. In(More)