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BACKGROUND Endometrial carcinoma (EC) is the most common malignancy of the female genital tract. Gene alterations and overexpression of various oncogenes are important in tumor development. The human HER 2 neu (c-erbB-2) gene product is a transmembrane receptor with an intracellular tyrosine kinase that plays an important role in coordinating the(More)
Difficulties in diagnosis of thyroid lesions, even with histologic analysis, are well known. This study has been carried on to evaluate the role of immunohistochemical markers including galectin-3, Hector Battifora mesothelial cell-1 (HBME-1), and cytokeratin-19 in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid lesions. The(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare 2 urethral stricture models and determine the appropriate model for the generation of urethral stricture in rabbits. METHODS A total of 28 adult male New Zealand rabbits were included in the present study. They were separated randomly into 3 groups. Urethroscopy was performed using a pediatric resectoscope (13F). In 1 group (10(More)
BACKGROUND In this study, the clinical and morphological features of vesiculobullous lesions observed in Kaposi sarcoma are analyzed, and the features of bullous Kaposi sarcoma cases are emphasized. METHODS A total of 178 biopsy materials of 75 cases diagnosed as classic-type cutaneous Kaposi sarcoma were reviewed. Twenty-five cases showing(More)
AIM Endometrial cancer (EC), which is the most common gynecologic cancer, develops as a result of disruption of the delicate balance between cell proliferation and cell loss, or apoptosis through activation of oncogenesis, or loss of tumor suppressor genes. Among the biochemical factors proposed to give a more detailed characterization of EC biology,(More)
Cyclooxygenase is an enzyme that changes the immune response to malign cells and catalyzes prostaglandins that may have an impact on cell proliferation. The purpose of this study was to examine the relation between established clinicopathological parameters in breast carcinomas and COX-2 protein expression. COX-2, estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone(More)
BACKGROUND Paget's disease (PD) is a rare form of intraepithelial adenocarcinoma that involves breast and extramammarian tissues. It is often associated with ductal carcinoma in situ and/or invasive ductal cancer. Molecular pathways that play a role in development of Paget's disease are stil unclear. Expression patterns of Cox-2 and bcl-2 were therefore(More)
Metastasis to the gallbladder from other malignancies is extremely rare and is related with a very poor prognosis. Malignant melanoma has been reported to be the most common origin of gallbladder metastasis. Although only eight cases of gallbladder metastasis originating from gastric cancer have been documented in the literature based on small series, of(More)
The recent development of lymphatic endothelium-specific immuno-indicators has given rise to research on the histogenesis of Kaposi sarcoma (KS), specifically focusing on its lymphatic root and differentiation. D2-40 is a new lymphatic marker that recognizes podoplanin and is easily applied to formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded human tissues. This study(More)