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Piezomaterials are known to display enhanced energy conversion efficiency at nanoscale due to geometrical effect and improved mechanical properties. Although piezoelectric nanowires have been the most widely and dominantly researched structure for this application, there only exist a limited number of piezomaterials that can be easily manufactured into(More)
Nanotechnology is key to the 21st Century, involving all aspects of nanoscale science and technology and generating a paradigm shift in diverse areas of physics, chemistry, electronics, materials, engineering, and even medicine and biology, as a result of its interdisciplinary nature. RF and terahertz electronics are among the fastest growing areas as a(More)
We demonstrate the fabrication of solution based low temperature-processed p-type ZnO NRs doped with phosphorous by using a spin-on-dopant method coupled with a hydrothermal process. We confirmed the incorporation of phosphorous dopants into a ZnO crystal by analyzing SIMS profiles, together with the evolution of the photoluminescence spectra. It is further(More)
We demonstrate that surface stresses in epitaxially grown VO₂ nanowires (NWs) have a strong effect on the appearance and stability of intermediate insulating M₂ phases, as well as the spatial distribution of insulating and metallic domains during structural phase transitions. During the transition from an insulating M1 phase to a metallic R phase, the(More)
We investigate strain-induced optical modulation in a ZnO microwire with wavy geometries induced by mechanical strains. Curved sections of the wavy ZnO microwire show red-/blue-shifts of near-band-edge emission and broadening of full width at half maximum in cathodoluminescence spectra along the length of the wavy ZnO microwire, compared with straight(More)
The integration of ZnO nanowire-based energy harvesting devices into flexible polyesters or clothes would have a significant effect on the energy harvesting building block for harvesting the mechanical energy from human motions. Moreover, the demonstration of high output power via a doping process opens an important method for enhancing the output power.(More)
Tailoring the binary metal oxide along with developing new synthetic methods for controlling resultant nanostructures in a predictive way is an essential requirement for achieving the further improved electrochemical performance of pseudocapacitors. Here, through a rational design of the supersaturation-mediated driving force for hydrothermal nucleation and(More)
Hybrid colloidal quantum dot (CQD) solar cells are fabricated from multilayer stacks of lead sulfide (PbS) CQD and single layer graphene (SG). The inclusion of graphene interlayers is shown to increase power conversion efficiency by 9.18%. It is shown that the inclusion of conductive graphene enhances charge extraction in devices. Photoluminescence shows(More)
ZnO is a wide band-gap semiconductor with piezoelectric properties suitable for opto-electronics, sensors, and as an electrode material. Controlling the shape and crystallography of any semiconducting nanomaterial is a key step towards extending their use in applications. Whilst anisotropic ZnO wires have been routinely fabricated, precise control over the(More)