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The iPlant Collaborative (iPlant) is a United States National Science Foundation (NSF) funded project that aims to create an innovative, comprehensive, and foundational cyberinfrastructure in support of plant biology research (PSCIC, 2006). iPlant is developing cyberinfrastructure that uniquely enables scientists throughout the diverse fields that comprise(More)
—This brief presents a low-voltage and low-noise ring voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) where the phase noise performance is improved by reducing the total channel thermal noise injected into the output node of the VCO during the transition period of the output voltage swing. Implemented in a 65-nm CMOS technology, the proposed ring VCO operates from(More)
— In this paper, an accurate, low power CMOS temperature sensor for attachable medical devices (AMDs) is presented. The proposed temperature sensor consists of a high-slope proportional to absolute temperature (PTAT) current and reference voltage generator, a current controlled relaxation oscillator (ICRO), a digital counter, and a reference clock(More)
This study makes use of this distinction to analyze the exhaust gas concentration and fuel of the circulating fluidized bed (CFB) boiler that mainly uses wood biomass, and to develop the emission factors of Methane (CH(4)), Nitrous oxide (N(2)O). The fuels used as energy sources in the subject working sites are Wood Chip Fuel (WCF), RDF and Refused Plastic(More)
The purpose of this study was to enhance the efficiency of anaerobic co-digestion with sewage sludge using pretreatment technologies and food waste. We studied the effects of various pretreatment methods (thermal, chemical, ultrasonic, and their combination) on hydrogen production and the characteristics of volatile fatty acids (VFAs) using sewage sludge(More)
INTRODUCTION Korea has been making efforts to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, including a voluntary commitment to the target of a 30% reduction, based on business-as-usual of the total GHG emission volume, by 2020; 2006 IPCC Guidelines provided default values, applying country-specific emission factors was recommended when estimating national(More)
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