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AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a principal metabolic regulator affecting growth and response to cellular stress. Comprised of catalytic and regulatory subunits, each present in multiple forms, AMPK is best described as a family of related enzymes. In recent years, AMPK has emerged as a desirable target for modulation of numerous diseases, yet(More)
Activin receptor type IIB (ActRIIB), a type II TGF-beta serine/threonine kinase receptor, is integral to the activin and myostatin signaling pathway. Ligands such as activin and myostatin bind to activin type II receptors (ActRIIA, ActRIIB), and the GS domains of type I receptors are phosphorylated by type II receptors. Myostatin, a negative regulator of(More)
Mimics of the benzimidazolone nucleus found in inhibitors of p38 kinase are proposed, and their theoretical potential as bioisosteres is described. A set of calculated descriptors relevant to the anticipated binding interaction for the fragments 1-methyl-1H-benzotriazole 5, 3-methyl-benzo[d]isoxazole 3, and 3-methyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyridine 4,(More)
Bacterial nicotinic acid mononucleotide adenylyltransferase (NaMNAT; EC encoded by the nadD gene, is essential for cell survival and is thus an attractive target for developing new antibacterial agents. The NaMNAT catalyzes the transfer of an adenylyl group of ATP to nicotinic acid mononucleotide (NaMN) to form nicotinic acid dinucleotide (NaAD).(More)
Multidrug-resistant Gram-negative pathogens are an emerging threat to human health, and addressing this challenge will require development of new antibacterial agents. This can be achieved through an improved molecular understanding of drug-target interactions combined with enhanced delivery of these agents to the site of action. Herein we describe the(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic Gram-negative pathogen that causes nosocomial infections for which there are limited treatment options. Penicillin-binding protein PBP3, a key therapeutic target, is an essential enzyme responsible for the final steps of peptidoglycan synthesis and is covalently inactivated by β-lactam antibiotics. Here we disclose(More)
Several protein engineering approaches were combined to optimize the selectivity and activity of Vibrio fluvialis aminotransferase (Vfat) for the synthesis of (3S,5R)-ethyl 3-amino-5-methyloctanoate; a key intermediate in the synthesis of imagabalin, an advanced candidate for the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder. Starting from wild-type Vfat, which(More)
Proline-rich tyrosine kinase 2 (PYK2) is a cytoplasmic, non-receptor tyrosine kinase implicated in multiple signaling pathways. It is a negative regulator of osteogenesis and considered a viable drug target for osteoporosis treatment. The high-resolution structures of the human PYK2 kinase domain with different inhibitor complexes establish the conventional(More)
Herein we describe the structure-aided design and synthesis of a series of pyridone-conjugated monobactam analogues with in vitro antibacterial activity against clinically relevant Gram-negative species including Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Klebsiella pneumoniae , and Escherichia coli . Rat pharmacokinetic studies with compound 17 demonstrate low clearance and(More)
DNA ligase catalyzes phosphodiester-bond formation between immediately adjacent 5'-phosphate and 3'-hydroxyl groups in double-stranded DNA and plays a central role in many cellular and biochemical processes, including DNA replication, repair and recombination. Bacterial NAD(+)-dependent DNA ligases have been extensively characterized as potential(More)