Seunghyun Jo

Jaewoo Hong2
Suyoung Bae2
2Jaewoo Hong
2Suyoung Bae
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The pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) and interleukin (IL)-1β are crucial mediators involved in chronic inflammatory diseases. Inflammatory signal pathways regulate inflammatory cytokine expression-mediated by p38 mitogen activated protein kinase (p38MAPK). Therefore, considerable attention has been given to p38MAPK as a target(More)
Although it has been established that diabetes increases susceptibility to infections, the role of insulin (INS) in the immune response is unknown. Here, we investigated the immunological function of INS. Proinsulin dimer (pINSd) was a potent immune stimulus that induced inflammatory cytokines, but mature INS was unable to induce an immune response. An(More)
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