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IL-1 family ligand does not possess a typical hydrophobic signal peptide and needs a processing enzyme for maturation. The maturation process of IL-33 (IL-1F11), a new member of the IL-1 family ligand, remains unclear. Precursor IL-33 ligand affinity column isolates neutrophil proteinase 3 (PR3) from human urinary proteins. PR3 is a known IL-1 family(More)
IL-33/IL-1F11 is a new member of the IL-1 family ligand and provokes T helper-type immune responses. IL-33 is the ligand of ST2 and IL-1 receptor accessory protein (IL-1RAcP) that triggers nuclear factor-κ light chain enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) and MAPK signaling. We discovered a novel short splice variant of IL-33 that was termed spIL-33. The(More)
Nodular gastritis (NG) has been reported in adult dyspeptic patients, whereas information on NG in asymptomatic patients is limited. To evaluate the prevalence, clinico-epidemiological characteristics, and expression profiles of inflammatory cytokines or cytokine regulatory factors of NG in asymptomatic adults. A cross-sectional study was conducted(More)
Interleukin-32 (IL-32) is a cytokine produced by T lymphocytes, natural killer (NK) cells, monocytes and epithelial cells. There are five splicing variants (α, β, γ, δ, and ε) and IL-32γ is the most active isoform. We generated human IL-32γ transgenic (IL-32γ TG) mice, displaying a high level of IL-32γ expression in the pancreas. We investigated the effect(More)
Interleukin-32 (IL-32) is an inflammatory cytokine, and its activity is associated with various auto-inflammatory disorders as well as infectious pathogens such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and viral infections. However, the precise antiviral mechanism of IL-32 remains unclear. We assessed the IL-32 level in the sera of H1N1 influenza A patients and IL-32(More)
Avascular necrosis of the femoral head (ANFH) is commonly observed in patients treated with excessive glucocorticoid (GC). Single administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) has shown to induce immune stimulatory factors. However, the effect of repeated administration of LPS on GC-induced ANFH has not been studied. Thus, the purpose of this study was (i) to(More)
Cytokines are essential coordinators of defensive immune responses for resolving the invasion of pathogens such as bacteria, virus, and fungi. However, dysregulated cytokines are the main cause of various autoinflammatory immune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, and psoriasis. Interleukin-32 (IL-32) is a recently described(More)
The pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) and interleukin (IL)-1β are crucial mediators involved in chronic inflammatory diseases. Inflammatory signal pathways regulate inflammatory cytokine expression-mediated by p38 mitogen activated protein kinase (p38MAPK). Therefore, considerable attention has been given to p38MAPK as a target(More)
Interleukin-32 (IL-32) is a cytokine and inducer of various proinflammatory cytokines such as TNFα, IL-1β, and IL-6 as well as chemokines. There are five splicing variants (α, β, γ, delta, and epsilon) and IL-32γ is the most active isoform. We generated human IL-32γ transgenic (IL-32γ TG) mice to express high level of IL-32γ in various tissues, including(More)
Interleukin-18 binding protein (IL-18BP) is a soluble antagonist of IL-18 originally discovered while attempting to isolate a soluble receptor by using IL-18-ligand affinity column. IL-18BP has four isoforms (a, b, c, and d) in humans and two isoforms (c and d) in mice. The human isoforms IL-18BPa and IL-18BPc neutralize IL-18 activity sufficiently at an(More)