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Frontoparietal connectivity has been suggested to be important in conscious processing and its interruption is thought to be one mechanism of general anesthesia. Data in animals demonstrate that feedforward processing of information may persist during the anesthetized state, while feedback processing is inhibited. We investigated the directionality and(More)
The cognitive unbinding paradigm suggests that the synthesis of neural information is attenuated by general anesthesia. Here, we analyzed the functional organization of brain activities in the conscious and anesthetized states, based on functional segregation and integration. Electroencephalography (EEG) recordings were obtained from 14 subjects undergoing(More)
Recent studies on complex systems have shown that the synchronization of oscillators, including neuronal ones, is faster, stronger, and more efficient in small-world networks than in regular or random networks. We show that the functional structures in the brain can be self-organized to both small-world and scale-free networks by synaptic reorganization via(More)
Free-living nitrogen fixing bacteria were isolated from rhizosphere of seven different plant namely sesame, maize, wheat, soybean, lettuce, pepper and rice grown in Chungbuk Province, Korea. Five isolates with nitrogenase activity above 150nmol(-1) mg(-1) protein were identified based on, phenotypic and 16S rDNA sequences analysis. The strains were(More)
To investigate postoperative changes in the cerebral glucose metabolism of patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE), statistical parametric mapping (SPM) analysis was performed on pre- and postoperative (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose PET (FDG-PET) images. We included 28 patients with MTLE who had undergone surgery and had been seizure-free(More)
There have been no optical coherence tomographic (OCT) data directly comparing the pattern of strut coverage between the 2 second-generation drug-eluting stents in the early period. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate early strut coverage using optical coherence tomography 3 months after Resolute zotarolimus-eluting stent (ZES-R) or(More)
Protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR-2) is activated when trypsin cleaves its NH(2) terminus to expose a tethered ligand. We previously demonstrated that PAR-2 activates ion channels in pancreatic duct epithelial cells (PDEC). Using real-time optical fluorescent probes, cyan fluorescence protein-Epac1-yellow fluorescence protein for cAMP,(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the usefulness of a computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system for the automated detection of lung nodules at low-dose CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS A CAD system developed for detecting lung nodules was used to process the data provided by 50 consecutive low-dose CT scans. The results of an initial report, a second look review by two chest(More)
PURPOSE Previous cerebral blood flow and glucose metabolism studies suggest that the basal ganglia or thalamus is involved in the pathogenesis of paroxysmal kinesigenic choreoathetosis (PKC). However, the underlying cerebral abnormalities in idiopathic PKC have not been elucidated. To localise cerebral perfusion abnormalities in PKC, we performed interictal(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES We sought to evaluate the potential benefits of a computer-aided detection (CAD) system for detecting lung nodules in multidetector row CT (MDCT) scans. METHODS A CAD system was developed for detecting lung nodules on MDCT scans and was applied to the data obtained from 15 patients. Two chest radiologists in consensus established(More)