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The cognitive unbinding paradigm suggests that the synthesis of neural information is attenuated by general anesthesia. Here, we analyzed the functional organization of brain activities in the conscious and anesthetized states, based on functional segregation and integration. Electroencephalography (EEG) recordings were obtained from 14 subjects undergoing(More)
Frontoparietal connectivity has been suggested to be important in conscious processing and its interruption is thought to be one mechanism of general anesthesia. Data in animals demonstrate that feedforward processing of information may persist during the anesthetized state, while feedback processing is inhibited. We investigated the directionality and(More)
Recent studies on complex systems have shown that the synchronization of oscillators, including neuronal ones, is faster, stronger, and more efficient in small-world networks than in regular or random networks. We show that the functional structures in the brain can be self-organized to both small-world and scale-free networks by synaptic reorganization via(More)
To investigate postoperative changes in the cerebral glucose metabolism of patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE), statistical parametric mapping (SPM) analysis was performed on pre- and postoperative (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose PET (FDG-PET) images. We included 28 patients with MTLE who had undergone surgery and had been seizure-free(More)
Epilepsy is a dynamic disease in which self-organization and emergent structures occur dynamically at multiple levels of neuronal integration. Therefore, the transient relationship within multichannel electroencephalograms (EEGs) is crucial for understanding epileptic processes. In this paper, we show that the global relationship within multichannel EEGs(More)
Thalamocortical networks play an important role in information integration during consciousness. However, little is known about how the information flows between the thalamus and the cortex are affected by a loss of consciousness. To investigate this issue, we analyzed effective connectivity between the cortex and the thalamus in animals during(More)
BACKGROUND Loss of consciousness is an essential feature of general anesthesia. Although alterations of neural networks during anesthesia have been identified in the spatial domain, there has been relatively little study of temporal organization. METHODS Ten healthy male volunteers were anesthetized with an induction dose of propofol on two separate(More)
INTRODUCTION General anesthesia induces unconsciousness along with functional changes in brain networks. Considering the essential role of hub structures for efficient information transmission, the authors hypothesized that anesthetics have an effect on the hub structure of functional brain networks. METHODS Graph theoretical network analysis was carried(More)
We propose a speed estimation method with human body accelerations measured on the chest by a tri-axial accelerometer. To estimate the speed we segmented the acceleration signal into strides measuring stride time, and applied two neural networks into the patterns parameterized from each stride calculating stride length. The first neural network determines(More)
Nervous systems under periodic stimuli display rich dynamical states including mode-locking and chaotic responses, which have been a subject of intense studies in neurodynamics. The bifurcation structure of the Hodgkin-Huxley neuron under sinusoidal stimulus is studied in detail. The mechanisms of the firing onset and rich firing dynamics are studied with(More)