Seunghun Hyun

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The microbial community (bacterial, archaeal, and fungi) and eight genes involved in the nitrogen biogeochemical cycle (nifH, nitrogen fixation; bacterial and archaeal amoA, ammonia oxidation; narG, nitrate reduction; nirS, nirK, nitrite reduction; norB, nitric oxide reduction; and nosZ, nitrous oxide reduction) were quantitatively assessed in this study,(More)
Application of biochar from biomass pyrolysis to soil is gaining greater interest; this can ameliorate the soil quality, reduce fertilizer consumption, and sequestrate carbon. This study compares the characteristics of biochar produced by slow pyrolysis at 500°C for agricultural residues: sugarcane bagasse, cocopeat, paddy straw, palm kernel shell (PKS) and(More)
Previous research with phenolic, carboxylic, and urea type organic acids demonstrated that hydrophilic sorption was primarily due to anion exchange, which was linearly correlated to chemical acidity (pKa) and the soil anion exchange capacity. However, for dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), sorption by a kaolinitic soil was much higher than expected(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the feasibility of biochar for removing Cd from aqueous solution. Biochars were produced from a Miscanthus sacchariflorus via slow pyrolysis at 300, 400, 500 and 600°C. Higher pyrolytic temperature resulted in biochar with a higher aromatic structure and fewer polar functional groups. In particular, pH and(More)
ISO 9001 is a standard for quality management systems and CMMI is a model for process improvement. If an ISO-certified organization wishes to improve its processes continuously, implementing CMMI would be a good choice, as it provides more detailed practices for process improvement than the ISO standards. However, there are two issues that need to be(More)
Elucidation of molecular-level interactions controlling the sorption of organic compounds in soils is of major theoretical and practical interest. Sorption of pi-electron donor compounds, pentamethylbenzene (PMB), naphthalene (NAPH), and phenanthrene (PHEN), in a number of soils was found to increase with decreasing pH in the range of approximately pH(More)
This study investigated producing biochar from Geodae-Uksae 1 for soil applications to sequestrate carbon from the atmosphere and improve the productivity of crops. Using a lab-scale packed bed reactor, pyrolysis products of Geodae-Uksae 1 were produced over a temperature range of 300-700°C with a heating rate of 10°C/min. Pyrolysis at 500°C was found(More)
Sorption of organic acids by variable-charge soil occurs through both hydrophilic and hydrophobic sorption. In this study, the effect of chemical acidity and the type of acidic functional group on the relative contribution of hydrophilic and hydrophobic processes to sorption by a gibbsite-dominated and a kaolinite-dominated variable-charge soils was(More)
ISO 9001 is a standard for quality management systems while CMMI is a model for process improvement. If an organization that has achieved ISO registration wishes to improve processes continuously, CMMI can be a strong candidate because it provides a more detailed roadmap for process improvement. However, with respect to adopting CMMI in organizations that(More)
Leachate derived from unlined coal ash disposal facilities is a potential anthropogenic source of arsenic to the environment. To establish a theoretical framework for predicting attenuation of arsenic by soils subject to ash landfill leachate, which is typically enriched in calcium and sulfate, the adsorption of As(V) and As(III) was characterized from 1mM(More)