Seungchan Cho

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Viral protein neutralizing antibodies have been developed but they are limited only to the targeted virus and are often susceptible to antigenic drift. Here, we present an alternative strategy for creating virus-resistant cells and animals by ectopic expression of a nucleic acid hydrolyzing catalytic 3D8 single chain variable fragment (scFv), which has both(More)
The protein 3D8 single-chain variable fragment (3D8 scFv) has potential anti-viral activity due to its ability to penetrate into cells and hydrolyze nucleic acids. Probiotic Lactobacillus paracasei engineered to secrete 3D8 scFv for oral administration was used to test the anti-viral effects of 3D8 scFv against gastrointestinal virus infections. We found(More)
Tomato chlorosis virus (ToCV) is a whitefly-transmitted crinivirus that causes interveinal chlorosis and bronzing on tomato leaves. Although outbreaks of ToCV have been reported in many countries, the virus was not reported in Korea until 2013. To identify weed hosts of ToCV that may serve as virus reservoirs, we analyzed various weeds that were growing(More)
Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV), a member of the genus Begomovirus, has a single-stranded DNA genome. TYLCV can induce severe disease symptoms on tomato plants, but other hosts plants such as cucurbits and peppers are asymptomatic. A full-length DNA clone of a Korean TYLCV isolate was constructed by rolling-circle amplification from TYLCV-infected(More)
Taken together, this study suggests that potato D-type cyclin genes are expressed differentially between in vitro and planta caused by intrinsic differences in physiology and gene action at the cellular and whole organism levels. Cyclin performs a pivotal role in control of the cell cycle by forming a complex with cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs). In this(More)
Chrysanthemum stunt viroid (CSVd), the smallest plant pathogen known to infect chrysanthemums, is a single-stranded circular RNA viroid that induces stunting that results in an overall height reduction of 30–50 % in mature plants. A catalytic single-chain variable antibody, 3D8 scFv, which exhibits intrinsic DNase and RNase activities, was expressed in(More)
3D8 single chain variable fragment (scFv) is a recombinant monoclonal antibody with nuclease activity that was originally isolated from autoimmune-prone MRL mice. In a previous study, we analyzed the nuclease activity of 3D8 scFv and determined that a HeLa cell line expressing 3D8 scFv conferred resistance to herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and(More)
The antiviral effect of a catalytic RNA-hydrolyzing antibody, 3D8 scFv, for intranasal administration against avian influenza virus (H1N1) was described. The recombinant 3D8 scFv protein prevented BALB/c mice against H1N1 influenza virus infection by degradation of the viral RNA genome through its intrinsic RNA-hydrolyzing activity. Intranasal(More)
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