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Wnt/β-catenin signaling has been known to influence bone formation and homeostasis. In this study, we investigated the canonical Wnt signaling regulation of osteogenic differentiation from periodontal ligament (PDL) fibroblasts. Stimulating PDL fibroblasts with lithium chloride (LiCl), a canonical Wnt activator, significantly increased mineralized nodule(More)
Radiotherapy is considered to cause detrimental effects on bone tissue eventually increasing bone loss and fracture risk. However, there is a great controversy on the real effects of irradiation itself on osteoblasts, and the mechanisms by which irradiation affects osteoblast differentiation and mineralization are not completely understood. We explored how(More)
The continuous generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is one of the most important events that occur during periodontal inflammation. Hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) is widely used in dental clinics. Many investigators have tried to elucidate the exact effect of H(2)O(2) on human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs). These studies have shown that H(2)O(2) induces(More)
Little is known about the effects of mechanical forces on osteoclastogenesis by bone marrow macrophages (BMMs) in the absence of mechanosensitive cells, including osteoblasts and fibroblasts. In this study, we examined the effects of mechanical force on osteoclastogenesis by applying centrifugal force to BMMs using a horizontal microplate rotor. Our(More)
Numerous studies have reported that inflammatory cytokines are important mediators for osteoclastogenesis, thereby causing excessive bone resorption and osteoporosis. Acteoside, the main active compound of Rehmannia glutinosa, which is used widely in traditional Oriental medicine, has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant potentials. In this study, we found(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the bioactivity, and the biomechanical and bone-regenerative properties of Ti6Al4V miniscrews subjected to anodization, cyclic precalcification, and heat treatment (APH treatment) and their potential clinical use. METHODS The surfaces of Ti6Al4V alloys were modified by APH treatment. Bioactivity was assessed after immersion in(More)
OBJECTIVES The seed of Phaseolus calcaratus Roxburgh (PHCR) has traditionally been used as a herbal medicine, considered to have anti-inflammatory potential. Here we examined the ability of PHCR seed extract to inhibit inflammatory responses of macrophages to bacterial toxin and the mechanism involved. METHODS In the present study, we prepared four(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to evaluate alterations of papilla dimensions after orthodontic closure of the diastema between maxillary central incisors. METHODS Sixty patients who had a visible diastema between maxillary central incisors that had been closed by orthodontic approximation were selected for this study. Various papilla dimensions were(More)
Meat quality is a complex trait influenced by many factors, including genetics, nutrition, feeding environment, animal handling, and their interactions. To elucidate relevant factors affecting pork quality associated with oxidative stress and muscle development, we analyzed protein expression in high quality longissimus dorsi muscles (HQLD) and low quality(More)
NMuMG cells were incubated with 17beta-estradiol (E)+progesterone (P)+epidermal growth factor (EGF), with or without various types of oligomers (21-mers) to the EGF receptor activity domain (amino acid residues 718 to 724). Sense or antisense oligomers were encapsulated in protein A-bearing liposomes. Uncoupled protein A and unencapsulated sense or(More)