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Pulmonary sequestration is a rare cystic malformation composed of bronchopulmonary tissue that is discontinuous from the tracheobronchial tree and has an anomalous systemic blood supply. We present a case of a 40-year old male who presented with an extralobar pulmonary sequestration and underwent a laparoscopic retroperitoneal mass excision. Preoperative(More)
PURPOSE To adopt micropatterning technology in manufacturing silicone elastomer-based microelectrode arrays for retinal stimulation, a silicone-polyimide hybrid microelectrode array was proposed and tested in vivo. METHODS Gold microelectrodes were created by semiconductor manufacturing technology based on polyimide and were hybridized with silicone(More)
PURPOSE To describe the clinical characteristics of idiopathic juxtafoveal telangiectasis (IJT) in Koreans. METHODS Medical records of 16 patients with IJT were analyzed during the period from 1997 to 2009. Diagnosis was based on biomicrosopic and fluorescein angiographic findings and the group was determined according to the Gass and Blodi(More)
PURPOSE To develop a liquid crystal polymer (LCP)-based, long-term implantable, retinal stimulation microelectrode array using a novel fabrication method. METHODS The fabrication process used laser micromachining and customized thermal-press bonding to produce LCP-based microelectrode arrays. To evaluate the fabrication process and the resultant electrode(More)
The ciliary epithelium (CE) of adult mammals has been reported to provide a source of retinal stem cells (RSCs) that can give rise to all retinal cell types in vitro. A recent study, however, suggests that CE-derived cells possess properties of pigmented ciliary epithelial cells and display little neurogenic potential. Here we show that the neurogenic(More)
Electrical stimulation is currently used to treat a wide range of cardiovascular, sensory and neurological diseases. Despite its success, there are significant limitations to its application, including incompatibility with magnetic resonance imaging, limited control of electric fields and decreased performance associated with tissue inflammation. Magnetic(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of our study is to evaluate the biocompatibility of various polymers used as microelectrode arrays (MEAs) in retinal prostheses through in vitro cytotoxicity testing following a standardized METHOD METHODS Three types of polymer-based MEAs were examined: silicone-based platinum, polyimide-based gold and liquid crystal polymer(More)
Nanopatterning of biological materials has significant potential in life sciences and medicine because highly miniatur-ized structures provide routes to high-density combinatorial libraries and ways of manipulating biological structures (proteins , viruses, and cells) at the single particle level. [1–5] Central to the development of this technology is the(More)
In working to improve the quality of visual percepts elicited by retinal prosthetics, considerable effort has been made to understand how retinal neurons respond to electric stimulation. Whereas responses arising from direct activation of retinal ganglion cells have been well studied, responses arising through indirect activation (e.g., secondary to(More)
In practice, vaccines should induce lasting and efficacious T cell immunity without promoting deleterious pathological consequences. To accomplish this goal we immunized mice with ovalbumin peptide, polyinosinic-polycytidylic and anti-CD137. Vaccinated mice retained a massive functional CD8 T cell memory pool in lymphoid and non-lymphoid tissues for >1(More)