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Pulmonary sequestration is a rare cystic malformation composed of bronchopulmonary tissue that is discontinuous from the tracheobronchial tree and has an anomalous systemic blood supply. We present a case of a 40-year old male who presented with an extralobar pulmonary sequestration and underwent a laparoscopic retroperitoneal mass excision. Preoperative(More)
We address the problem of large-scale fine-grained visual categorization, describing new methods we have used to produce an online field guide to 500 North American bird species. We focus on the challenges raised when such a system is asked to distinguish between highly similar species of birds. First, we introduce one-vs-most classifiers. By eliminating(More)
PURPOSE To describe the clinical characteristics of idiopathic juxtafoveal telangiectasis (IJT) in Koreans. METHODS Medical records of 16 patients with IJT were analyzed during the period from 1997 to 2009. Diagnosis was based on biomicrosopic and fluorescein angiographic findings and the group was determined according to the Gass and Blodi(More)
PURPOSE To develop a liquid crystal polymer (LCP)-based, long-term implantable, retinal stimulation microelectrode array using a novel fabrication method. METHODS The fabrication process used laser micromachining and customized thermal-press bonding to produce LCP-based microelectrode arrays. To evaluate the fabrication process and the resultant electrode(More)
The ciliary epithelium (CE) of adult mammals has been reported to provide a source of retinal stem cells (RSCs) that can give rise to all retinal cell types in vitro. A recent study, however, suggests that CE-derived cells possess properties of pigmented ciliary epithelial cells and display little neurogenic potential. Here we show that the neurogenic(More)
Electrical stimulation is currently used to treat a wide range of cardiovascular, sensory and neurological diseases. Despite its success, there are significant limitations to its application, including incompatibility with magnetic resonance imaging, limited control of electric fields and decreased performance associated with tissue inflammation. Magnetic(More)
The explosive or volcanic scenes in motion pictures involve complex turbulent flow as its temperature and density vary in space. To simulate this turbulent flow of an inhomogeneous fluid, we propose a simple and efficient framework. Instead of explicitly computing the complex motion of this fluid dynamical instability, we first approximate the average(More)
Novel methods for fabricating nanostructures have become essential in nanoscience and nanotechnology, and have subsequently fueled significant advances in fields ranging from molecular electronics to medical diagnostics. [1, 2] A suite of nanofabrication technologies now exist for patterning a wide range of surfaces with many types of materials. These(More)
Electrochemical energy-storage devices have the potential to be clean and efficient, but their current cost and performance limit their use in numerous transportation and stationary applications. Many organic molecules are abundant, economical and electrochemically active; if selected correctly and rationally designed, these organic molecules offer a(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS To determine the incidence and clinical characteristics of tuberculosis (TB) medication-associated Clostridium difficile infection. METHODS This multicenter study included patients from eight tertiary hospitals enrolled from 2008 to 2013. A retrospective analysis was conducted to identify the clinical features of C. difficile infection in(More)