Seung Tae Kim

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Gastric cancer, a leading cause of cancer-related deaths, is a heterogeneous disease. We aim to establish clinically relevant molecular subtypes that would encompass this heterogeneity and provide useful clinical information. We use gene expression data to describe four molecular subtypes linked to distinct patterns of molecular alterations, disease(More)
As the use of screening mammography expands, the proportion of invasive breast cancer ≤1 cm is increasing. The aims of this study were: (1) to identify risk factors for systemic metastases in patients with ≤1 cm invasive breast cancer and (2) to investigate the patient groups at the greatest risk for metastases with such small tumors. Data were collected(More)
BACKGROUND The balance in the immune system between immune surveillance against non-self-antigens and tolerance of self-antigens is known to be associated with the prognosis of breast cancer patients. However, immunologic signals in tumor microenvironment according to biological characteristics of cancer cells have not been clearly elucidated. CD4(+) T(More)
PURPOSE The Adjuvant Chemoradiotherapy in Stomach Tumors (ARTIST) trial tested whether the addition of radiotherapy to adjuvant chemotherapy improved disease-free survival (DFS) in patients with D2-resected gastric cancer (GC). PATIENTS AND METHODS Between November 2004 and April 2008, 458 patients with GC who received gastrectomy with D2 lymph node(More)
Although cisplatin-based chemotherapy is the standard of care for advanced transitional cell carcinoma, tolerability is a challenging issue in unfit patients. This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy, toxicity, and tolerability of the combination of gemcitabine and carboplatin in unfit patients with advanced transitional cell carcinoma. Thirty-one(More)
BACKGROUND Gefitinib and erlotinib are commonly used for salvage therapy in patients with nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have progressed on prior therapies. Although both agents have similar structure and have demonstrated efficacy in NSCLC, gefitinib and erlotinib have not been directly compared in terms of efficacy and other clinical outcomes in(More)
BACKGROUND Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations as prognostic or predictive marker in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have been used widely. However, it may be difficult to get tumor tissue for analyzing the status of EGFR mutation status in large proportion of patients with advanced disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS We obtained(More)
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are members of the TGF-β superfamily, and some studies demonstrated that BMPs enhance tumorigenesis and metastasis. The purpose of this study was to identify whether BMP-2 levels are elevated in the serum of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients and are associated with the stage and overall survival. Blood samples(More)
Although erlotinib has become an important therapeutic option in addition to gemcitabine, the high frequency of KRAS mutations in pancreatic cancer probably limits the benefits. We retrospectively studied 136 pancreatic cancer patients with available formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor blocks from 2003 to 2009 to understand the clinical significance of(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations are associated with sensitivity to gefitinib or erlotinib in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We investigated the relationships between the two most common types of somatic EGFR mutations, exon 19 deletions and L858R mutations, and clinical outcomes of Korean NSCLC patients after treatment with gefitinib(More)