Seung R Paik

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Abnormal folding and accumulation of alpha-synuclein is implicated in several neurological disorders including Parkinson's disease. Although alpha-synuclein is a typical cytoplasmic protein, a small amount of both monomeric and aggregated forms is secreted from cells and is present in human body fluids, such as cerebrospinal fluid. Extracellular(More)
The presynaptic alpha-synuclein is a prime suspect for contributing to Lewy pathology and clinical aspects of diseases, including Parkinson's disease, dementia with Lewy bodies, and a Lewy body variant of Alzheimer's disease. Here we examined the pathogenic mechanism of neuronal cell death induced by alpha-synuclein. The exogenous addition of(More)
Parkinson disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder, which involves the deterioration of dopaminergic neurons in the pars compacta of the substantia nigra. The etiology of PD is still unknown, but recent identification of mutations in familial cases of PD has advanced the understanding of the molecular mechanisms of this neurological disease.(More)
Although alpha-synuclein is the main structural component of the insoluble filaments that form Lewy bodies in Parkinson disease (PD), its physiological function and exact role in neuronal death remain poorly understood. In the present study, we examined the possible functional relationship between alpha-synuclein and several forms of matrix(More)
AIMS An investigation was carried out on an oxidative and SDS-stable alkaline protease secreted by Bacillus clausii of industrial significance. METHODS AND RESULTS Maximum enzyme activity was produced when the bacterium was grown in the medium containing (g l-1): soyabean meal, 15; wheat flour, 10; liquid maltose, 25; K2HPO4, 4; Na2HPO4, 1; MgSO4.7H2O,(More)
Aggregation of alpha-synuclein is thought to play a major role in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD), which is characterized by the presence of intracytoplasmic Lewy bodies (LB) in the brain. alpha-Synuclein and its deletion mutants are largely unfolded proteins with random coil structures as revealed by CD spectra, fluorescence spectra, gel(More)
Many lines of evidence suggest that alpha-synuclein can be secreted from cells and can penetrate into them, although the detailed mechanism is not known. In this study, we investigated the amino acid sequence motifs required for the membrane translocation of alpha-synuclein, and the mechanistic features of the phenomenon. We first showed that not only(More)
alpha-Synuclein is a component of the abnormal protein depositions in senile plaques and Lewy bodies of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease respectively. The protein was suggested to provide a possible nucleation centre for plaque formation in AD via selective interaction with amyloid beta/A4 protein (Abeta). We have shown previously that(More)
Gathering evidence has associated activation of microglia with the pathogenesis of numerous neurodegenerative diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) such as Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. Microglia are the resident macrophages of the CNS whose functions include chemotaxis, phagocytosis, and secretion of a variety of cytokines and(More)
Lewy bodies (LBs) are pathological hallmarks of Parkinson disease (PD) but also occur in Alzheimer disease (AD) and dementia of LBs. Alpha-synuclein, the major component of LBs, is observed in the brain of Down syndrome (DS) patients with AD. Dyrk1A, a dual specificity tyrosine-regulated kinase (Dyrk) family member, is the mammalian ortholog of the(More)