Learn More
Autophagy has been implicated in the ageing process, but whether autophagy activation extends lifespan in mammals is unknown. Here we show that ubiquitous overexpression of Atg5, a protein essential for autophagosome formation, extends median lifespan of mice by 17.2%. We demonstrate that moderate overexpression of Atg5 in mice enhances autophagy, and that(More)
In order to improve the efficiency of infection of primary human endothelial cells in vitro of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV), the effect of low speed centrifugation was investigated. The recombinant KSHV, BAC36, was used to examine the centrifugal enhancement of KSHV. Infectivity was estimated by green fluorescent protein (GFP) expression(More)
Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is the major etiologic agent of Kaposi’s sarcoma, primary effusion lymphoma, and multicentric Castleman’s disease. Recent studies have indicated that KSHV can be detected at high frequency in patient-derived bladder cancer tissue and might be associated with the pathogenesis of bladder cancer. Bladder cancer is(More)
Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS) is a vascular tumor, and KS spindle cells express endothelial-cell-specific markers. Generally, it is believed that KS originates from endothelial cells. However, as various mesodermal-derived tissue markers are also expressed in KS spindle cells, the exact origin of KS still needs to be elucidated. Here, Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated(More)
Existing evidence suggests a possible role of viruses in human bladder cancer development. Recently, Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) was reported to be the most frequently detected virus in bladder cancer tissue from Croatian patients on screening with the Lawrence Livermore Microbial Detection Array. In the current study, to investigate the(More)
BACKGROUND Tube current is an important determinant of radiation dose and image quality in X-ray-based examination. The combined automatic tube current modulation technique (ATCM) enables automatic adjustment of the tube current in various planes (x-y and z) based on the size and attenuation of the body area scanned. PURPOSE To compare image quality and(More)
CHDH (choline dehydrogenase) is an enzyme catalyzing the dehydrogenation of choline to betaine aldehyde in mitochondria. Apart from this well-known activity, we report here a pivotal role of CHDH in mitophagy. Knockdown of CHDH expression impairs CCCP-induced mitophagy and PARK2/parkin-mediated clearance of mitochondria in mammalian cells, including HeLa(More)
Prion protein (PRNP) has been implicated in various types of neurodegenerative diseases. Although much is known about prion diseases, the function of cellular PRNP remains cryptic. Here, we show that PRNP mediates amyloid β1–42 (Aβ42)-induced autophagy activation through its interaction with BECN1. Treatment with Aβ42 enhanced autophagy flux in neuronal(More)
Numerous studies have established a link between autophagy and aging; however, the relationship has not been clearly defined. Aging is a very complex process caused by the accumulation of various factors due to the gradual failure of cellular maintenance. Recent studies have shown that autophagy reduces the stress responses induced by starvation, reactive(More)
Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is the etiological agent of Kaposi's sarcoma. The open reading frame (K9) of KSHV encodes viral interferon regulatory factor 1 (vIRF1), which functions as a repressor of interferon-mediated signal transduction. The amino-terminal region of vIRF1 displays significant homology to the DNA-binding domain of(More)