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Differences in expression of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor and voltage gated Ca2+ channels (VGCC) in the gerbil cerebellum were investigated to identify routes of Ca2+ influx that may be involved in Purkinje cell damage. Immunodensities of NR1 and NR2A/B were the same in seizure resistant (SR) and seizure sensitive (SS) gerbils. However, both P/Q(More)
Gastrodin is one of the natural compound isolated from Gastrodia elata and has known anticonvulsant effects, although the exact pharmacological principles of this natural compound and its effects on other aspects of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) metabolism in vivo have not been explored. Therefore, in the present study, the effects of gastrodin on GABA(More)
Although oxidative stress and excitotoxicity may be interdependent mechanisms that are involved in delayed neuronal death, the temporal participation of these events in the early stage after ischemia-reperfusion insult is unclear. Therefore, in the present study, using the gerbil global ischemic model we investigated whether oxidative stress could be(More)
We investigated spatial and temporal alterations of calbindin D-28k (CB) immunoreactivity in the gerbil main olfactory bulb after transient ischemia-reperfusion. In sham-operated animals, CB-immunoreactive (IR) neurons were found in the periglomerular layer, external plexiform layer and granule cell layer. At 1-4 days after ischemic insult, the number of(More)
Fast responses to extracellular ATP are mediated by the activation of P2X receptors. Native and cloned P2X receptors are permeable to monovalent cations such as Na+ and K+ as well as divalent cations such as Ca2+. However, altered P2X receptor expression has not been definitively determined under pathological conditions, particularly in epilepsy. Here we(More)
In the present study, we investigated site-specific expressions of GABA(A) and GABA(B) receptor subunits in the seizure-sensitive (SS) and seizure-resistant (SR) gerbil hippocampus to elucidate the function of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor in seizure activity in this animal. There were no differences of the immunoreactivities of GABA(B)(More)
In the present study, the P(2)X(7) receptor expression in the gerbil hippocampus and GABA-mediated responses of its expression was investigated in order to identify the roles of the P(2)X(7) receptor on seizure activity and recovery mechanisms. P(2)X(7) receptor immunoreactivity in seizure-resistant (SR) gerbils was similar to that in pre-seizure group of(More)
The present study was performed to determine whether the effects induced by GABA(B) receptor-acting drugs would be related with the alteration in GABA(B) receptor expression in the hippocampus using Mongolian gerbil, a genetic epilepsy model. The distribution patterns of both GABA(B) receptor 1A/B and GABA(B)receptor 2 immunoreactivities were similarly(More)
In the present study, we focused upon expression and changes of endogenous insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in the hippocampus of the Mongolian gerbil after ischemic insult. In sham-operated animals, IGF-1 immunoreactivity was absent from the hippocampus. IGF-1-immunoreactive (IR) neurons were detected at 12 h and 1 day after ischemic insult. In the(More)
We examined the aged-related changes of calbindin D-28k (CB)-immunoreactive (IR) neurons in the rat main olfactory bulb (MOB). The localization of CB-IR neurons was found to be almost entirely restricted to the glomerular layer. However, a few CB-IR neurons were observed in the granular layer. Prior to the 6th postnatal month (PM 6), the CB-IR neurons had(More)