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Thromboembolic complications (TECs) are clinically important sequelae of nephrotic syndrome (NS). The incidence of TECs in children is approximately 2%-5%. The veins are the most commonly affected sites, particularly the deep veins in the legs, the inferior vena cava, the superior vena cava, and the renal veins. Arterial thrombosis, which is less common,(More)
This study was carried out to evaluate the cooking effects of fat level (10% and 20%) with and without NaCl (1.5%) on the microwave cooking pattern and properties of ground pork patties. Each patty was cooked from a thawed state to 76.7°C in a microwave oven with full power (900W). Cooking rate in patties produced without salt was not affected by fat level,(More)
VM202, a plasmid DNA that expresses two isoforms of hepatocyte growth factor, may elicit angiogenic effects that could benefit patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). In a phase 2, double-blind trial in 52 CLI patients, we examined the safety and potential efficacy of intramuscular injections of low-dose (n=21) or high-dose (n=20) VM202 or placebo(More)
Regardless of the type of arterial reconstruction, luminal narrowing (stenosis or restenosis) develops in approximately one third of the vessels. In the past, the focus of research has been on the mechanisms of stenosis (intimal hyperplasia, pathologic remodeling) and pharmacologic approaches to prevention. An alternative approach is to induce intimal(More)
In addition to CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ regulatory T (T(reg)) cells which protect against autoimmune tissue injury, IL-17-producing CD4+ T (T(h)17) cells have been recently described and shown to play a crucial role in autoimmune injury. It appears that there is a reciprocal developmental pathway between T(h)17 and T(reg) cells. Although IL-17 is known to be(More)
BACKGROUND Tacrolimus is a major immunosuppressant, which has a narrow therapeutic range and wide interindividual variation. The effects of genetic polymorphisms of cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) 5 and Adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette subfamily B member 1 (ABCB1) genes on the achievement of target tacrolimus trough levels and clinical outcomes in renal(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the long-term results of catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) and the feasibility of stent placement for lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT). DESIGN & METHODS Retrospective study of 34 patients (10 men and 24 women, mean age 55, S.D. 13 years) with lower extremity DVT underwent CDT at Seoul National University Hospital from(More)
PURPOSE Computed tomography venography (CTV) with three-dimensional reconstruction can provide complementary road maps for varicose vein (VV) surgery. The purpose of this study is to verify the role of CTV in the treatment of VV in terms of advantages and complications. METHODS Ninety-four consecutive patients with VV underwent conventional high ligation,(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the safety and efficacy of Lipiodol lymphangiography and 3 adjunctive N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) glue embolization techniques for the management of postoperative lymphatic leakage. MATERIALS AND METHODS This retrospective study included 27 patients with postoperative lymphatic leakage (17 with ascites, 3 with chylothorax, 6 with(More)
OBJECTIVES There are few long-term follow-up studies about the result of revascularization surgery for the treatment of popliteal artery entrapment syndrome (PAES). We performed this retrospective study to analyze the long-term result of revascularization surgery in patients with advanced PAES during the last 16 years. METHODS Twenty-two limbs in 18(More)