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PURPOSE Application of independent component analysis (ICA) to interictal EEGs and to event-related potentials has helped noise reduction and source localization. However, ICA has not been used for the analysis of ictal EEGs in partial seizures. In this study, we applied ICA to the ictal EEGs of patients with medial temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and(More)
Previously, we reported that besides retinal ganglion cell (RGC) spike, there is ~ 10 Hz oscillatory rhythmic activity in local field potential (LFP) in retinal degeneration model, rd1 mice. The more recently identified rd10 mice have a later onset and slower rate of photoreceptor degeneration than the rd1 mice, providing more therapeutic potential. In this(More)
BACKGROUND Biological networks, such as protein-protein interactions, metabolic, signalling, transcription-regulatory networks and neural synapses, are representations of large-scale dynamic systems. The relationship between the network structure and functions remains one of the central problems in current multidisciplinary research. Significant progress(More)
A1 Functional advantages of cell-type heterogeneity in neural circuits Tatyana O. Sharpee A2 Mesoscopic modeling of propagating waves in visual cortex Alain Destexhe A3 Dynamics and biomarkers of mental disorders Mitsuo Kawato F1 Precise recruitment of spiking output at theta frequencies requires dendritic h-channels in multi-compartment models of(More)
Human brains with hundreds of billions of neurons are organized in a hierarchical modular network. There have been many attempts to estimate inter-modular connec-tivity utilizing coherent neuronal activities of a huge number of neurons, such as the electro-encephalogram, the magneto-encephalogram, and the functional magnetic resonance imaging. Here we ask a(More)
Spontaneous human EEG during the resting state is modulating with long lasting high amplitude synchronization and very brief low amplitude de-synchronization states [1]. For the dynamic characterization of modulating alpha rhythm in the resting state EEG, we introduce a method of spontaneous-event related potential (SERP) analysis. Our method consists of(More)
Chaotic itinerancy is a universal dynamical concept that describes itinerant motion among many different ordered states through chaotic transition in dynamical systems. Unlike the expectation of the prevalence of chaotic itinerancy in high-dimensional systems, we identify chaotic itinerant behavior from a relatively simple ecological system, which consists(More)
Recently the temporal coding based on spike timing is one of the hot issues in neuroscience. In the neural network, spike timing depends on the external stimulus and also on the internal network structure. In this study, we propose a method of inferring network connectivity from multiple spike trains. It is based on the phase model description of the spike(More)