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Obesity is characterized by low-grade and chronic inflammation, a phenomenon explained with a new term, metaflammation. Recent studies suggest that adipocytes may play an important role in the physiological regulation of immune responses in fat deposits via toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling cascades. This study investigates the role of the visceral as well(More)
Aberrant regulation of histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) plays a pivotal role in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but, the underlying mechanism leading to HDAC2 overexpression is not well understood. We performed microRNA (miRNA) profiling analysis in a subset of HCCs, and identified four down-regulated miRNAs that may target HDAC2 in HCC.(More)
Predictions of toxicity are central for the assessment of chemical toxicity, and the effects of environmental toxic compounds are still a major issue for predicting potential human health risks. Among the various environmental toxicants, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are an important class of environmental pollutant, and many PAHs are known or(More)
This study evaluates the protective effect of Juniperus chinensis hot water extract (JCE) against high-fat-diet (HFD)-induced obesity and its molecular mechanisms in the visceral adipose tissue of rats. JCE supplementation significantly lowered body weight gain, visceral fat-pad weights, blood lipid levels, and blood insulin and leptin levels of rats(More)
Recently, substantial attention has been focused on the association between obesity and chronic inflammation. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity induces the activation of the IL-1 type I receptor (IL-1RI)-mediated inflammatory signaling cascade in the skeletal muscle of mice. Male C57BL/6J mice were(More)
Alcohol intake remains the most important cause of fatty liver throughout the world. The current study was undertaken to determine whether dietary supplementation with Codonopsis lanceolata root water extract attenuates the development of alcoholic fatty liver in rats and to elucidate the molecular mechanism for such an effect. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were(More)
The efficacy of chlorophyll derivatives from silkworm excreta (CpD) in photodynamic antimicrobial chemotherapy (PACT) was studied. An enveloped animal virus, vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), was used as a target organism. For CpD mediated PACT, the viruses in suspensions were treated with various doses of CpD (15-60 microg/ml) and visible red light was(More)
We show that testicular orphan nuclear receptor 4 (TR4) increases the expression of pyruvate carboxylase (PC) gene in 3T3-L1 adipocytes by direct binding to a TR4 responsive element in the murine PC promoter. While TR4 overexpression increased PC activity, oxaloacetate (OAA) and glycerol levels with enhanced incorporation of (14)C from (14)C-pyruvate into(More)
Tonsil-derived mesenchymal stem cells (TMSCs) were investigated for hepatogenic differentiation in the 3D matrixes of poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(l-alanine) (PEG-L-PA) thermogel. The diblock polymer formed β-sheet based fibrous nanoassemblies in water, and the aqueous polymer solution undergoes sol-to-gel transition as the temperature increases in a(More)
Selenite has been found to be an active catalyst for the oxidation of sulphhydryl compounds, such as glutathione (GSH). Considering the biological importance of GSH oxidation and the implication of sulphhydryl compounds in selenium poisoning and other biological activities, more information on selenite oxidation of GSH in enzyme-free conditions is(More)