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BACKGROUND Pneumocystis jirovecii, formerly named Pneumocystis carinii, is one of the most common opportunistic infections in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients. CASE PRESENTATIONS We encountered two cases of spontaneous pneumomediastinum with subcutaneous emphysema in HIV-infected patients being treated for Pneumocystis jirovecii(More)
We have shown previously that intravenous injection of Candida albicans mannan (MAN) into naive mice induced CD8+ effector downregulatory cells and that such cells were not produced if mice were deficient in CD4+ or I-A+ cells during the early interval (< or =30 h) following the introduction of MAN. Moreover, the nonspecific biological response modifier(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study is to identify the factors associated with the occurrence of pleural effusion and to investigate the characteristics of pleural effusion in scrub typhus. METHODS We conducted a retrospective analysis of the medical records of scrub typhus patients between January 2004 and December 2011 at Chosun University Hospital in(More)
Here, we report the information about molecular and expression characterization of NR1 gene in chum salmon for the first time. The complete NR1 subunit showed a large open-reading frame of 2844 bp in the total length of 3193 bp, and this cDNA contained a coding region encoding 948 amino acids and a stop codon. The organization of the NR1 subunit of chum(More)
This is an attempt to investigate the effect of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), a well-known major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system, on the blood pressure response in rats and to elucidate the mechanism of its action. GABA injected into a femoral vein of the rat produced a dose-related fall in blood pressure followed by a secondary(More)
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