Seung Hyun Ko

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In the presence of obesity, beta-cell mass needs to be increased to compensate for the accompanying demands and maintain euglycemia. However, in Korea, the majority of type 2 diabetic patients are nonobese. We determined the absolute masses, relative volumes, and ratio of alpha- and beta-cell in the pancreas and islets in normal and diabetic Korean subjects(More)
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is a gut incretin hormone and is a new clinically available class of agents for improving of insulin resistance in both animals and humans with type 2 diabetes. These studies aimed to determine whether long-term treatment with a long-acting GLP-1 analog, exendin-4, delayed the progression of diabetes. Male db/db mice and db/m(More)
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and its analog exendin-4 (EX) have been considered as a growth factor implicated in pancreatic islet mass increase and beta-cell proliferation. This study aimed to investigate the effect of EX on cyclin D1 expression, a key regulator of the cell cycle, in the pancreatic beta-cell line INS-1. We demonstrated that EX(More)
We evaluated whether ramipril, one of long-acting ACEIs, has a direct effect on pancreas islets in animal model of type 2 diabetes. OLETF rats were treated with ramipril for 24 weeks. We assessed the body weight, glucose tolerance, and the amount of islet fibrosis. RT-PCR and Western blot analysis of transforming growth factor-beta with its downstream(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence and clinical characteristic of the metabolic syndrome of adults, over 40 years old, living in Korea. METHODS This study was carried out for 2 years, 2003-2004, on total 5,330 individuals (2,197 men and 3,133 women) selected by the stratified random cluster sampling among adults over 40 years(More)
Recent morphologic analyses of human pancreases strongly suggest that a decreased beta-cell mass is observed from the early stages of diabetes and is caused by accelerated apoptosis of the beta-cells. In this article, we propose that fibrotic islet destruction might be one of the important pathogenic mechanisms of the limited capacity of beta-cell(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the long-term effectiveness of the Internet-based glucose monitoring system (IBGMS) on glucose control in patients with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We conducted a prospective, randomized, controlled trial in 80 patients with type 2 diabetes for 30 months. The intervention group was treated with the IBGMS, while(More)
UNLABELLED The neurobiological processes underpinning the natural forgetting of long-term memories are poorly understood. Based on the critical role of GluA2-containing AMPA receptors (GluA2/AMPARs) in long-term memory persistence, we tested in rats whether their synaptic removal underpins time-dependent memory loss. We found that blocking GluA2/AMPAR(More)
As in other countries, type 2 diabetes is major health concern in Korea. A dramatic increase in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes and its chronic complications has led to an increase in health costs and economic burdens. Early detection of high risk individuals, hidden diabetic patients, and improvement in the quality of care for the disease are the first(More)