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Bone mineral density (BMD) is the most widely used predictor of fracture risk. We performed the largest meta-analysis to date on lumbar spine and femoral neck BMD, including 17 genome-wide association studies and 32,961 individuals of European and east Asian ancestry. We tested the top BMD-associated markers for replication in 50,933 independent subjects(More)
Whereas high-dose ultraviolet B (UVB) is detrimental to the epidermal permeability barrier, suberythemal doses of UVB are used to treat atopic dermatitis (AD), which is characterized by defective permeability barrier and antimicrobial function. As epidermal permeability barrier and antimicrobial peptide (AMP) expression are coregulated and interdependent(More)
CONTEXT Several in vivo and in vitro studies suggest that sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is known to act as a coupling factor, to stimulate osteoclastogenesis, to control the migration of osteoclast precursors between the blood and bone, and to stimulate the proliferation, migration, and survival of osteoblasts. OBJECTIVE Using the determination of(More)
BACKGROUND Periostin is preferentially expressed by the periosteum, which mainly covers the long bones. Therefore, the role of periostin in osteoporotic fracture (OF) may differ depending on bone type. We performed a case-control study to investigate whether periostin can serve as a predictor of OF risk, particularly after dividing OFs into non-vertebral(More)
Autosomal dominant polycystic liver disease results from mutations in PRKCSH or SEC63. The respective gene products, glucosidase IIβ and SEC63p, function in protein translocation and quality control pathways in the endoplasmic reticulum. Here we show that glucosidase IIβ and Sec63p are required in mice for adequate expression of a functional complex of the(More)
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a common human genetic disease with severe medical consequences. Although it is appreciated that the cilium plays a central role in PKD, the underlying mechanism for PKD remains poorly understood and no effective treatment is available. In zebrafish, kidney cyst formation is closely associated with laterality defects and(More)
Protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR-2) is known to be involved in epidermal permeability barrier function homeostasis. PAR-2 activation occurs after barrier disruption and further activation of PAR-2 by activating peptide significantly delays barrier recovery rate. Cockroach and house dust mite allergens, both known to be associated with the development of(More)
INTRODUCTION Despite extensive evidence demonstrating the direct, detrimental role of homocysteine on bone metabolism, the effects of serum total homocysteine (tHcy) on bone loss are still equivocal. In the present study, we performed a longitudinal study on healthy participants of various ages of both sexes in order to investigate the association between(More)
Most genome-wide association (GWA) studies have focused on populations of European ancestry with limited assessment of the influence of the sequence variants on populations of other ethnicities. To determine whether markers that we have recently shown to associate with Bone Mineral Density (BMD) in Europeans also associate with BMD in East-Asians we(More)
The HSP40 cochaperone SEC63 is associated with the SEC61 translocon complex in the ER. Mutations in the gene encoding SEC63 cause polycystic liver disease in humans; however, it is not clear how altered SEC63 influences disease manifestations. In mice, loss of SEC63 induces cyst formation both in liver and kidney as the result of reduced polycystin-1 (PC1).(More)