Seung-Hun Baek

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Treatment of chronic bacterial infections, such as tuberculosis (TB), requires a remarkably long course of therapy, despite the availability of drugs that are rapidly bacteriocidal in vitro. This observation has long been attributed to the presence of bacterial populations in the host that are "drug-tolerant" because of their slow replication and low rate(More)
Nitrate-reducing bacteria capable of degrading phenol were isolated from natural and contaminated environments under low-oxygen conditions with nitrate-containing media, using phenol as a sole carbon and energy source. A total of 27 bacteria able to degrade phenol and reduce nitrate under low-oxygen conditions were isolated from all of the inoculum samples,(More)
Agrobacterium tumefaciens can grow anaerobically via denitrification. To learn more about how cells regulate production of nitrite and nitric oxide, experiments were carried out to identify proteins involved in regulating expression and activity of nitrite and nitric oxide reductase. Transcription of NnrR, required for expression of these two reductases,(More)
DNA methylation regulates gene expression in many organisms. In eukaryotes, DNA methylation is associated with gene repression, while it exerts both activating and repressive effects in the Proteobacteria through largely locus-specific mechanisms. Here, we identify a critical DNA methyltransferase in M. tuberculosis, which we term MamA. MamA creates(More)
All microorganisms are exposed to periodic stresses that inhibit growth. Many bacteria and fungi weather these periods by entering a hardy, nonreplicating state, often termed quiescence or dormancy. When this occurs during an infection, the resulting slowly growing pathogen is able to tolerate both immune insults and prolonged antibiotic exposure. While the(More)
Brucella is the causative agent of the zoonotic disease brucellosis, which is endemic in many parts of the world. Genome sequencing of B. suis and B. melitensis revealed that both are complete denitrifiers. To learn more about the role of denitrification in these animal pathogens, a study of the role of denitrification in the closely related B. neotomae was(More)
The enzyme tRNA(m(1)G37)methyltransferase (TrmD) catalyzes the transfer of a methyl group from S-adenosyl-L-methionine (AdoMet) specifically to guanosine at position 37 within a subset of tRNA species in bacteria. The modified guanosine is next to the anticodon and is important for the maintenance of the correct reading frame during translation. TrmD from(More)
An aerobic, nitrate-respiring bacterium which can degrade phenol under aerobic conditions was isolated and identified as Alcaligenes sp. Under microaerobic culture, the maximum concentration for phenol to be degraded was 0.29 mM in the presence of nitrate/O2 but only 0.16 mM in the presence of O2 alone. Azide (0.1 mM) and Triton X-100 (0.5%) inhibited(More)
Phosphopantetheine adenylyltransferase (PPAT; EC 2.7.7.3) is an essential enzyme in the coenzyme A (CoA) biosynthetic pathway and catalyzes the reversible transfer of an adenylyl group from ATP to 4'-phosphopantetheine to form 3'-dephospho-CoA. PPAT from Helicobacter pylori has been overexpressed in Escherichia coli and crystallized at 296 K using sodium(More)
Of four chlorinated guaiacols, tetrachloroguaiacol at 62 μM inhibited acetate methanogenesis, the strongest decreasing activity by 50%. 4,5,6-Trichloroguaiacol, 4,5-dichloroguaiacol, and 4-chloroguaiacol showed 50% inhibition at 0.13, 0.32, and 1.50 mM, respectively. Degradation test results of volatile fatty acids (acetic, propionic, and butyric acid) by(More)