Seung-Heon Hong

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AIM Taraxacum officinale (TO) has been frequently used as a remedy for inflammatory diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of TO on cholecystokinin (CCK)-octapeptide-induced acute pancreatitis in rats. METHODS TO at 10 mg/kg was orally administered, followed by 75 microg/kg CCK octapeptide injected subcutaneously three times after(More)
Dysfunction in immune surveillance during anticancer chemotherapy of patients often causes weakness of the host defense system and a subsequent increase in microbial infections. However, the deterioration of organ-specific function related to microbial challenges in cisplatin-treated patients has not yet been elucidated. In this study, we investigated(More)
Interleukin-8 (IL-8) is a potent proinflammatory chemokine that plays an important role in inflammation by activating and recruiting neutrophils, lymphocytes, and eosinophils. To demonstrate the effect of intracellular Ca(2+) on IL-8 production and related signaling, we stimulated human mast cell line HMC-1 with either calcium ionophore A23187 or(More)
Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is the major polyphenol component of green tea and is primarily responsible for the green tea effect. EGCG possesses two triphenolic groups in its structure. These groups are reported to be important with respect to anticarcinogenic and antioxidant effects. However, the anti-inflammatory effect of EGCG on Alzheimer's(More)
BACKGROUND Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is a major form of tea catechin and has a variety of biological activities. In the present study, we investigated the effect of EGCG on the secretion of TNF-alpha, IL-6 and IL-8, as well as its possible mechanism of action by using the human mast cell line (HMC-1). METHODS EGCG was treated before the activation(More)
Cisplatin is a highly effective chemotherapeutic agent but with significant ototoxic side effects. Apoptosis is an important mechanism of cochlear hair cell loss following exposure to an ototoxic level of cisplatin. The present study investigated the effects of the cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2) ligand JWH-015 on cisplatin-induced apoptosis. CB2 mRNA was(More)
Purple bamboo salt is a specially processed salt according to the traditional recipe using normal salt and bamboo etc. It has been used as a folk medicine for the purpose of prevention and treatment of various diseases in Korea. This report describes an inhibitory effect of purple bamboo salt on mast cell-mediated immediate-type allergic reactions. Purple(More)
Gumiganghwaltang (GMGHT) is an Oriental herbal prescription, which has been commonly used to treat a cold and inflammatory diseases in Korea. However, the mechanism of GMGHT is not clear. In this study, we investigated the anti-inflammatory mechanism of GMGHT in mouse peritoneal macrophages. GMGHT exerted an anti-inflammatory action through inhibiting(More)
AIMS Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a complicated inflammatory disease that has an unknown underlying pathogenesis. Because alpha-pinene can modulate inflammation, we examined whether alpha-pinene plays a role in AP. MAIN METHODS Alpha-pinene was administered intraperitoneally 1h prior to the first injection of cerulein. Once AP developed, cerulein, a stable(More)
Antigen (Ag)-stimulated mast cells induce synthesis and production of cytokines including tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and interleukin (IL)-6 with proinflammatory and immune regulatory properties. Expression of TNF-alpha and IL-6 was regulated by a transcription factor, nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB. The iridoid glycoside, aucubin, has been found as a(More)