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The recognition of the importance of angiogenesis in tumor progression has led to the development of antiangiogenesis as a new strategy for cancer treatment and prevention. By modulating tumor microenvironment and inducing angiogenesis, the proinflammatory cytokine interleukine (IL)-1beta has been reported to promote tumor development. However, the factors(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the antimicrobial resistance and to characterize the implicated genes in Escherichia coli isolated from commercial fish and seafood. Fish and seafood samples (n=2663) were collected from wholesale and retail markets in Seoul, Korea between 2005 and 2008. A total of 179 E. coli isolates (6.7%) from those samples(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether systemically administered recombinant human epidermal growth factor (rhEGF) accelerates the recovery of mouse small intestinal mucosa after irradiation. METHODS AND MATERIALS A mouse mucosal damage model was established by administering radiation to male BALB/c mice with a single dose of 15 Gy applied to the abdomen. After(More)
Genes regulated by cyclic AMP-response element-binding protein (CREB) have been reported to suppress apoptosis, induce cell proliferation, and mediate inflammation and tumor metastasis. However, it is not clear whether CREB is critically involved in lung carcinogenesis. We found that non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines exhibited elevated(More)
Here we demonstrated that SKI2162, a small-molecule inhibitor of the TGF-β type I receptor (ALK5), prevented radiation-induced fibrosis (RIF) in mice. SKI2162 inhibited phosphorylation of Smad and induction of RIF-related genes in vitro. In RIF a mouse model, SKI2162 reduced late skin reactions and leg-contracture without jeopardizing the acute skin(More)
Vitamin A and its metabolite retinoic acid (RA) are essential elements for normal lung development and the differentiation of lung epithelial cells. We previously showed that RA rapidly activated cyclic AMP response element-binding protein (CREB) in a nonclassical manner in normal human tracheobronchial epithelial (NHTBE) cells. In the present study, we(More)
Irradiation causes the impaired proliferation of cells lining mucosal membranes. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) facilitates proliferation of various skin cells; however, the wound healing effects of EGF on radiation-damaged cells is less well known. To evaluate the effects of recombinant human EGF (rhEGF) on the proliferation of cells following irradiation,(More)
Transforming growth factor-β1, the key ligand of Smad-dependent signaling pathway, is critical for epithelial-mesenchymal transition during embryo-morphogenesis, fibrotic diseases, and tumor metastasis. In this study, we found that activation of p300/CBP, a histone acetyltransferase, by TGF-β1 mediates Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) via acetylating(More)
Mucus secretion is an important protective mechanism for the luminal lining of open tubular organs, but mucin overproduction in the respiratory tract can exacerbate the inflammatory process and cause airway obstruction. Production of MUC5AC, a predominant gel-forming mucin secreted by airway epithelia, can be induced by various inflammatory mediators such(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antitumor effect of a blocking antibody for EGFR in the cytoplasm of a lung cancer cell line. METHODS & MATERIALS The A549 and H1299 cell lines were employed to demonstrate differential responses to cetuximab in combination with radiotherapy. Localization of EGFR was detected using confocal microscopy,(More)