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The toxicity of solutions containing nonionic surfactants Tween 80, Brij 35 and/or phenanthrene to Pseudomonas putida ATCC 17484 was investigated. The fraction of direct contact between micellar-phase phenanthrene and bacterial cell surface was estimated by using the toxicity data and a mathematical model. The mathematical model was used to calculate(More)
Acremonium strictum, capable of degrading 7.4 g thiocyanate l−1, was isolated from wastewater condensate from coke-oven gas. Ammonia and sulfate were the final products from thiocyanate degradation with a stoichiometric ratio of near 1:1. The highest degradation activity was at pH 6. Although the degradation rate started to be inhibited above 4 g(More)
A new yeast strain capable of degrading free and metallocyanides was isolated from coke-plant wastewater. The isolated strain designated MCN2 was identified as Cryptococcus humicolus by 26S rDNA sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. During growth of the isolate with KCN as a sole nitrogen source, formamide and formic acid were found as transient(More)
The fraction in which direct contact occurs between micellar-phase phenanthrene and the bacterial cell surface was estimated by measuring the toxicity of nonionic surfactant (Tween 80 and Triton X-100) solutions to the phenanthrene-degrading bacterium, Pseudomonas putida P2. Cell viability of completely dissolved phenanthrene decreased by 30% at(More)
The effect of soil contents and mass transfer rates on soil bioremediation was investigated. Phenanthrene, a 3-ring polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH), was chosen as a model target compound. The biodegradation tests were performed in soil-slurry systems at two distinct mass transfer rates: fast in flasks tests at 150 rpm and slow in roller-bottle tests(More)
A laboratory-scale drum bioreactor system was used to study engineering aspects of soil bioremediation. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were chosen as contaminants in soil. In the operation of the reactor, different mixing strategies were applied according to the size of soil without separate washing of sand. The effect of the water content of the(More)
Three different bacteria capable of degrading phenanthrene were isolated from sludge of a pulp wastewater treatment plant and identified as Acinetobacter baumannii, Klebsiella oxytoca, and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia. Phenanthrene degradation efficiencies by different combinations (consortia) of these bacteria were investigated and their population(More)
Two-stage upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) process was investigated as an efficient process configuration option for the treatment of purified terephthalic acid (PTA) wastewater. To study its feasibility in a defined condition, synthetic wastewater containing only the major pollutants (i.e., acetate, benzoate, terephthalate and p-toluate) was used. By(More)
The adsorption of congo red (CR) onto chitosan (CS) beads impregnated by a cationic surfactant (CTAB, cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide) was investigated. Chitosan beads impregnated at a ratio of 1/20 of CTAB to CS (0.05% of CTAB and 1% of CS) increased the CR adsorption capacity by 2.2 times from 162.3 mg/g (0% CTAB) to 352.5 mg/g (0.05% CTAB). The CR(More)
Surfactants in their impregnated forms in chitosan beads (CBs) were used for sorption of naphthalene (NAP) from aqueous solutions. Three different surfactants, Triton X-100 (TX100), cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), were selected for this study. The results showed that surfactant-impregnated CS beads (SICBs) in the(More)