Seung-Bo Shim

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OBJECTIVES This study was performed to identify the risk factors for reduction loss after locking plate fixation of proximal humerus fractures. DESIGN Retrospective study. SETTING University trauma center. PATIENTS AND INTERVENTION We retrospectively evaluated 252 patients who had been surgically treated for proximal humeral fractures with locking(More)
Gamma-ray treatment of phenol was studied in terms of both chemical degradation and toxicological change. About 90% of phenol (5.0 × 10(-4) M) in ultrapure water (UW) was eliminated by gamma-irradiation at a dose of 10 kGy, but acute toxicity was dramatically increased, particularly for dose of 1 kGy, due to the formation of more toxic by-products such as(More)
We report surface plasmon (SP) lasing in metal/semiconductor nanostructures, where one-dimensional periodic silver slit gratings are placed on top of an InGaAsP layer. The SP nature of the lasing is confirmed from the emission wavelength governed by the grating period, polarization analysis, spatial coherence, and comparison with the linear transmission.(More)
Because of complexity and diversity of toxicants in effluent, chemical analysis alone gives very limited information on identifying toxic chemicals to test organisms. Toxicity identification evaluation (TIE) techniques have been widely used to identify toxicants in various samples including industrial wastewater as well as natural waters. In response to new(More)
To find the new raw material having skin care activity, P. oleracea of organic native plant was extracted and concentrated with solvent extracting method. As a cosmetic active material, it is to develop an active raw molecule for discovering new skin pathway such as anti-aging, whitening and wrinkle skin improvement. The skin irritating evaluations(More)
The intramolecular ionic Diels-Alder reaction of alpha-acetylenic acetals as a precursor of the propargyl cation has been investigated in the presence of Lewis acids and in protic acids. The reaction of diene-tethered alpha-acetylenic acetals (1-2) with formic acid yielded the regioselective intramolecular ionic Diels-Alder reaction products, bicyclodienal(More)
The preparation and utilization of novel iodide glycosyl donors, 2-O-iodoacetyl-glycopyranosyl iodides, is described. The mechanism for the reaction of iodine with carbohydrate cyclic ketene acetal was investigated through low-temperature NMR experiments. 2-O-Iodoacetyl-glycopyranosyl iodides can serve as effective glycosyl donors giving 2-O-iodoacetyl(More)
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