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We investigated how hoarseness effects perceived hypernasality ratings in order to make a rating scale for hoarse voices. Thirty stimuli, of which 18 were target stimuli (three each for voices with and without hoarseness at three levels of hypernasality), and of which 12 were foil stimuli. These voices were listened to by four experienced speech(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of breathy voice sources on ratings of hypernasality using synthesized speech. METHODS Speech samples were obtained from children with cleft palates who demonstrated varying degrees of hypernasality and from a child with a voice disorder. Sources with 6 degrees of breathiness were created: a breathy source and five(More)
Formerly, we had reported that rating hypernasality of speech in cleft palate patients is affected by the presence of hoarseness, especially " rough hoarseness ". In the present study, we further investigated the effects of " breathy hoarseness " , something frequently observed in cleft palate children, on the rating of hypernasality. We also controlled the(More)
Palatalized articulation (PA) is frequently observed in speech uttered by postoperative cleft palate patients. We analyzed the PA of s] sounds and tested human perception of certain synthetic sounds to verify the characteristics of the PA of s] sounds in Japanese. After analyzing the PA of s] with linear predictive (LP) analysis, the mono-syllable /sa/,(More)
Phonological awareness has been claimed to play an important role in the development of language skills, and it is essential that the child's phonological skills be assessed accurately in order to predict and to take early measures to help those that may encounter problems. Although the mora has attracted much attention in the discussion of phonological(More)
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