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IMPORTANCE Saline (0.9% sodium chloride) is the most commonly administered intravenous fluid; however, its use may be associated with acute kidney injury (AKI) and increased mortality. OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of a buffered crystalloid compared with saline on renal complications in patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). DESIGN AND(More)
BACKGROUND Acetaminophen is a common therapy for fever in patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) who have probable infection, but its effects are unknown. METHODS We randomly assigned 700 ICU patients with fever (body temperature, ≥38°C) and known or suspected infection to receive either 1 g of intravenous acetaminophen or placebo every 6 hours until(More)
We performed a double-blind placebo-controlled trial to study whether early treatment with erythropoietin could prevent the development of acute kidney injury in patients in two general intensive care units. As a guide for choosing the patients for treatment we measured urinary levels of two biomarkers, the proximal tubular brush border enzymes(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the outcome in patients with severe adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) managed with limitation of peak inspiratory pressure to 30 to 40 cm H2O, low tidal volumes (4 to 7 mL/kg), spontaneous breathing using synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation from the start of ventilation, and permissive hypercapnia without the use(More)
Many animal studies have shown that high peak inspiratory pressures (PIP) during mechanical ventilation can induce acute lung injury with hyaline membranes. Since 1984 we have limited PIP in patients with ARDS by reducing tidal volume, allowing spontaneous breathing with SIMV and disregarding hypercapnia. Since 1987 50 patients with severe ARDS with a "lung(More)
To better understand the diagnostic and predictive performance of urinary biomarkers of kidney injury, we evaluated γ-glutamyltranspeptidase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase (AP), neutrophil-gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), cystatin C (CysC), kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), and interleukin-18 (IL-18) in a prospective observational study of 529 patients(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the safety and efficacy of recombinant thrombomodulin (ART-123) in patients with suspected sepsis-associated disseminated intravascular coagulation. DESIGN Phase 2b, international, multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel group, screening trial. SETTING Two hundred and thirty-three ICUs in 17 countries.(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine current practices for the use of analgesia term and preterm neonates cared for in Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs). DESIGN One-week survey of medical charts of current patients. SETTING NICUs in Canada. PARTICIPANTS A total of 14 of 38 invited NICUs participated. These units were not different on number of beds, admissions(More)
  • Paul Young, Mark Bailey, +11 authors Richard Beasley
  • 2014
AIMS To investigate the feasibility of delivering titrated oxygen therapy to adults with return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) caused by ventricular fibrillation (VF) or ventricular tachycardia (VT). METHODS We used a multicentre, randomised, single blind, parallel groups design to compare titrated and(More)
At 1251 h on Feb 22, 2011, an earthquake struck Christchurch, New Zealand, causing widespread destruction. The only regional acute hospital was compromised but was able to continue to provide care, supported by other hospitals and primary care facilities in the city. 6659 people were injured and 182 died in the initial 24 h. The massive peak ground(More)