Seth L Robia

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Protein kinase C-epsilon (PKC-epsilon) plays a central role in cardiac cell signaling, but mechanisms of translocation and anchoring upon activation are poorly understood. Conventional PKC isoforms rely on a rapid Ca2+-mediated recruitment to cell membranes, but this mechanism cannot be employed by PKC-epsilon or other PKC isoforms lacking a Ca2+-binding(More)
The regulatory interaction of phospholamban (PLN) with Ca(2+)-ATPase controls the uptake of calcium into the sarcoplasmic reticulum, modulating heart muscle contractility. A missense mutation in PLN cytoplasmic domain (R9C) triggers dilated cardiomyopathy in humans, leading to premature death. Using a combination of biochemical and biophysical techniques(More)
To investigate the mechanism of regulation of sarco-endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA) by phospholamban (PLB), we expressed Cerulean-SERCA and yellow fluorescent protein (YFP)-PLB in adult rabbit ventricular myocytes using adenovirus vectors. SERCA and PLB were localized in the sarcoplasmic reticulum and were mobile over multiple sarcomeres on a(More)
Phospholemman (PLM) phosphorylation mediates enhanced Na/K-ATPase (NKA) function during adrenergic stimulation of the heart. Multiple NKA isoforms exist, and their function/regulation may differ. We combined fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) and functional measurements to investigate isoform specificity of the NKA-PLM interaction. FRET was(More)
Multiple Ca2+ channel beta-subunit (Ca(v)beta) isoforms are known to differentially regulate the functional properties and membrane trafficking of high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels, but the precise isoform expression pattern of Ca(v)beta subunits in ventricular muscle has not been fully characterized. Using sequence data from the Human Genome Project to(More)
The E3 ubiquitin ligase atrophin interacting protein 4 (AIP4) mediates ubiquitination and down-regulation of the chemokine receptor CXCR4. AIP4 belongs to the Nedd4-like homologous to E6-AP carboxy terminus domain family of E3 ubiquitin ligases, which typically bind proline-rich motifs within target proteins via the WW domains. The intracellular domains of(More)
Protein kinase D (PKD) is a nodal point in cardiac hypertrophic signaling. It triggers nuclear export of class II histone deacetylase (HDAC) and regulates transcription. Although this pathway is thought to be critical in cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure, little is known about spatiotemporal aspects of PKD activation at the myocyte level. Here, we(More)
To investigate the effect of phosphorylation on the interactions of phospholamban (PLB) with itself and its regulatory target, SERCA, we measured FRET from CFP-SERCA or CFP-PLB to YFP-PLB in live AAV-293 cells. Phosphorylation of PLB was mimicked by mutations S16E (PKA site) or S16E/T17E (PKA+CaMKII sites). FRET increased with protein concentration up to a(More)
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is an autocrine factor in the mammalian heart important in enhancing cardiac performance, protecting against myocardial ischemia, and initiating the development of cardiac hypertrophy. The ETA receptor is a seven-transmembrane G-protein-coupled receptor whose precise subcellular localization in cardiac muscle is unknown. Here we used(More)
Phospholamban (PLB) oligomerization, quaternary structure, and sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum calcium ATPase (SERCA) binding were quantified by fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) in an intact cellular environment. FRET between cyan fluorescent protein-PLB and yellow fluorescent protein-PLB in AAV-293 cells showed hyperbolic dependence on protein(More)