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Four recombinant vaccinia viruses expressing different portions of the dengue type 1 virus (DEN-1) genome (C-prM-E-NS1-NS2A-NS2B; prM-E; prM-E-NS1-NS2A-NS2B; or NS1-NS2A) were constructed in order to establish the most immunogenic configuration of DEN-1 proteins. Both recombinants producing prM and E in the absence of C induced the synthesis of(More)
Immunization with recombinant vaccinia viruses that specified the synthesis of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) glycoproteins protected mice from a lethal intraperitoneal challenge with JEV. Recombinants which coexpressed the genes for the structural glycoproteins, prM and E, elicited high levels of neutralizing (NEUT) and hemagglutination inhibiting (HAI)(More)
Both guinea pig peritoneal exudate and human peripheral blood eosinophils produce large amounts of superoxide anion when stimulated by preopsonized zymosan or phorbol myristate acetate (PMA). Superoxide production is also activated by histamine but not the histamine metabolite, imidazole acetic acid. Supernatants from degranulated rat mast cells stimulate(More)
Four recombinant vaccinia viruses were engineered for expression of different portions of the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) open reading frame. All four recombinant vaccinias contained the NS1 and NS2A genes, and each of these viruses specified the synthesis, glycosylation, and secretion of the nonstructural glycoprotein (NS1). All four recombinants(More)
Extracellular subviral particles produced by HeLa cells infected with a recombinant vaccinia virus encoding the prM and E genes of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) were purified and characterized. These particles contained the JEV prM/M and E proteins embedded in a lipid bilayer, and RNA was not detected in particles using the polymerase chain reaction and(More)
To define protein folding patterns of HIV-1 Env subunit vaccines, we have isolated a set of 30 monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) from BALB/c mice immunized with a recombinant gp160 vaccine (rgp160) expressed in a baculovirus system. This article describes epitope mapping for the MAb panel and topology of the epitopes for rgp160 and a recombinant gp120 (rgp120)(More)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is a family of polypeptides that mediates a wide range of inflammatory and immune responses. In human skin, unstimulated keratinocytes produce a large amount of such cytokines. Although the precise role of IL-1 in the skin is unknown, there is experimental evidence supporting involvement of IL-1 in the pathogenesis of inflammatory skin(More)
cDNA clones of the genes encoding either the hemagglutinin (HA) or fusion (F) proteins of the Edmonston strain of measles virus (MV) were expressed in vaccinia virus recombinants. Immunofluorescence analysis detected both proteins on the plasma membranes of unfixed cells as well as internally in fixed cells. Immunoprecipitation of metabolically radiolabeled(More)
Successful vaccination against the human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) requires induction of both neutralizing antibody and cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses. The HCMV glycoprotein B (gB, UL55) would be one of the most important immunogens to induce neutralizing antibodies. We tested the immunogenicity of an ALVAC (canarypox)-HCMV-gB (ALVAC-gB) recombinant in(More)
Factors which enhance eosinophil-mediated killing of antibody-coated schistosomula of Schistosoma mansoni include semipurified eosinophil colony stimulating factor (CSF-alpha) and eosinophil cytotoxicity enhancing activity (E-CEA) present in supernatants from cultured mononuclear cells. We have examined the mechanism of enhancement. Both actions require(More)