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AmiGO is a web application that allows users to query, browse and visualize ontologies and related gene product annotation (association) data. AmiGO can be used online at the Gene Ontology (GO) website to access the data provided by the GO Consortium; it can also be downloaded and installed to browse local ontologies and annotations. AmiGO is free open(More)
In an effort to comprehensively characterize the functional elements within the genomes of the important model organisms Drosophila melanogaster and Caenorhabditis elegans, the NHGRI model organism Encyclopaedia of DNA Elements (modENCODE) consortium has generated an enormous library of genomic data along with detailed, structured information on all aspects(More)
The Gene Ontology (GO) Consortium (GOC, http://www.geneontology.org) is a community-based bioinformatics resource that classifies gene product function through the use of structured, controlled vocabularies. Over the past year, the GOC has implemented several processes to increase the quantity, quality and specificity of GO annotations. First, the number of(More)
The Gene Ontology Consortium (GOC) produces a wealth of resources widely used throughout the scientific community. In this chapter, we discuss the different ways in which researchers can access the resources of the GOC. We here share details about the mechanics of obtaining GO annotations, both by manually browsing, querying, and downloading data from the(More)
The principles of genetics apply across the entire tree of life. At the cellular level we share biological mechanisms with species from which we diverged millions, even billions of years ago. We can exploit this common ancestry to learn about health and disease, by analyzing DNA and protein sequences, but also through the observable outcomes of genetic(More)
The Gene Ontology project integrates data about the function of gene products across a diverse range of organisms, allowing the transfer of knowledge from model organisms to humans, and enabling computational analyses for interpretation of high-throughput experimental and clinical data. The core data structure is the annotation, an association between a(More)
BioJS is a community-based standard and repository of functional components to represent biological information on the web. The development of BioJS has been prompted by the growing need for bioinformatics visualisation tools to be easily shared, reused and discovered. Its modular architecture makes it easy for users to find a specific functionality without(More)
The correlation of phenotypic outcomes with genetic variation and environmental factors is a core pursuit in biology and biomedicine. Numerous challenges impede our progress: patient phenotypes may not match known diseases, candidate variants may be in genes that have not been characterized, model organisms may not recapitulate human or veterinary diseases,(More)
The field of computer vision has experienced much progress in the last two decades. Image analysis of photography and video has moved out of computer science research labs and into a wide range of applications. One example of progress in image analysis concerns the segmentation of images on the basis of gray scale, color hue, texture, geometry, and other(More)
Annotation enrichment analysis of a gene list helps biologists to identify the potential biological functions associated with it. With the extensions of plant ontology categories, the discovery of significant ontology terms associated with a gene list becomes more and more informative. We introduce a tool to help biologists to find out these terms based on(More)