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AmiGO is a web application that allows users to query, browse and visualize ontologies and related gene product annotation (association) data. AmiGO can be used online at the Gene Ontology (GO) website to access the data provided by the GO Consortium; it can also be downloaded and installed to browse local ontologies and annotations. AmiGO is free open(More)
The Gene Ontology (GO) Consortium (GOC, http://www.geneontology.org) is a community-based bioinformatics resource that classifies gene product function through the use of structured, controlled vocabularies. Over the past year, the GOC has implemented several processes to increase the quantity, quality and specificity of GO annotations. First, the number of(More)
Although the basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) gene lacks a traditional consensus signal peptide domain indicative for secretion, many cell types have receptors for bFGF. Since endothelium is a rich source of cell-associated bFGF, we asked under what conditions could bFGF be released or secreted from confluent cultures of bovine aortic endothelial (BAE)(More)
The Gene Ontology project integrates data about the function of gene products across a diverse range of organisms, allowing the transfer of knowledge from model organisms to humans, and enabling computational analyses for interpretation of high-throughput experimental and clinical data. The core data structure is the annotation, an association between a(More)
In an effort to comprehensively characterize the functional elements within the genomes of the important model organisms Drosophila melanogaster and Caenorhabditis elegans, the NHGRI model organism Encyclopaedia of DNA Elements (modENCODE) consortium has generated an enormous library of genomic data along with detailed, structured information on all aspects(More)
The Gene Ontology Consortium (GOC) produces a wealth of resources widely used throughout the scientific community. In this chapter, we discuss the different ways in which researchers can access the resources of the GOC. We here share details about the mechanics of obtaining GO annotations, both by manually browsing, querying, and downloading data from the(More)
Recent studies have indicated that endothelial cell function includes elaboration of growth factors and regulation of coagulation. In this paper we demonstrate that activated coagulation Factor X (Factor Xa), a product of the coagulation mechanism generated before thrombin, induces enhanced release of endothelial cell mitogens, linking these two functions.(More)
The principles of genetics apply across the entire tree of life. At the cellular level we share biological mechanisms with species from which we diverged millions, even billions of years ago. We can exploit this common ancestry to learn about health and disease, by analyzing DNA and protein sequences, but also through the observable outcomes of genetic(More)
BioJS is a community-based standard and repository of functional components to represent biological information on the web. The development of BioJS has been prompted by the growing need for bioinformatics visualisation tools to be easily shared, reused and discovered. Its modular architecture makes it easy for users to find a specific functionality without(More)
The correlation of phenotypic outcomes with genetic variation and environmental factors is a core pursuit in biology and biomedicine. Numerous challenges impede our progress: patient phenotypes may not match known diseases, candidate variants may be in genes that have not been characterized, model organisms may not recapitulate human or veterinary diseases,(More)