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Changes in mRNA stability and translation are critical control points in the regulation of gene expression, particularly genes encoding growth factors, inflammatory mediators, and proto-oncogenes. Adenosine and uridine (AU)-rich elements (ARE), often located in the 3' untranslated regions (3'UTR) of mRNAs, are known to target transcripts for rapid decay.(More)
Post-transcriptional regulation is an important mechanism in cellular response to stimuli, allowing for the rapid and discrete expression of relevant proteins. Genes regulated by this mechanism have specific cis -acting elements, frequently in their 3' untranslated regions (UTRs), that have been shown to serve as recognition sites for trans -acting(More)
Dendritic cells provide a critical link between innate and adaptive immunity and are essential to prime a naive T-cell response. The transition from immature dendritic cells to mature dendritic cells involves numerous changes in gene expression; however, the role of post-transcriptional changes in this process has been largely ignored. Tristetraprolin is an(More)
OBJECTIVE The zinc-finger protein tristetraprolin (TTP) has been demonstrated to regulate tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) messenger RNA (mRNA) instability in murine macrophages. We sought to develop a model system to characterize the effects of human TTP (hTTP) on TNFalpha 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR)-mediated expression. We also generated a(More)
The effects of extracellular Zn2+ and pH and intravesicular pH on insulin and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) secretion from pancreatic beta cells were investigated. Insulin and 5-HT secretion from single cells was detected by amperometry as a series of current spikes corresponding to detection of multimolecular packets secreted by exocytosis. Spike width was(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) production is regulated by transcriptional and posttranscriptional mechanisms. Lipopolysaccharide activates the NFkappaB pathway increasing TNF-alpha transcription. Lipopolysaccharide also activates the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways, resulting in stabilization and enhanced translation of the TNF-alpha(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is a central mediator of inflammation. TNF-alpha expression is regulated by transcriptional and post-transcriptional mechanisms, including mRNA stability and translation. Post-transcriptional control operates through cis-elements in the 3' Untranslated-Region of the TNF-alpha mRNA to which trans-acting proteins bind.(More)
Tristetraprolin (TTP) is a regulator of TNF-alpha mRNA stability and is the only trans-acting factor shown to be capable of regulating AU-rich element-dependent mRNA turnover at the level of the intact animal. Using the THP-1 myelomonocytic cell line, we demonstrated for the first time that TTP is encoded by an mRNA with a short half-life under resting(More)
Tristetraprolin (TTP) is the only trans-acting factor shown to be capable of regulating AU-rich element-dependent mRNA turnover at the level of the intact animal; however, the mechanism by which TTP mediated RNA instability is unknown. Using an established model system, we performed structure/function analysis with TTP as well as examined the current(More)
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) is a critical mediator of inflammation, and its production is tightly regulated, with control points operating at nearly every step of its biosynthesis. We sought to identify uncharacterized TNF-α 3' untranslated region (3'UTR)-interacting proteins utilizing a novel screen, termed the RNA capture assay. We identified(More)