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Isolated subunits from the crystalline cell surface layer (S-layer) of Bacillus coagulans E38-66 were recrystallized on positively charged liposomes. The liposomes were composed of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine/cholesterol and stearylamine. The natural arrangement of the S-layer subunits on the bacterial surface is as an oblique (p2) lattice. The subunits(More)
In the present study, unilamellar liposomes coated with the crystalline bacterial cell surface layer (S-layer) protein of Bacillus stearothermophilus PV72/p2 were used as matrix for defined binding of functional molecules via the avidin- or streptavidin-biotin bridge. The liposomes were composed of dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine, cholesterol and(More)
Isolated subunits of the crystalline cell surface layer (S-layer) protein of Bacillus stearothermophilus PV72/p2 were recrystallized on positively charged unilamellar liposomes. Liposomes were composed of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC), cholesterol and hexadecylamine (HDA) in a molar ratio of 10:5:4 and they were prepared by the(More)
In the present study, the applicability of crystalline bacterial cell-surface layers (S-layers) as novel immobilization matrices and reaction zones for dipstick-style immunoassays was investigated. For this purpose, S-layer-carrying cell-wall fragments from Bacillus sphaericus CCM 2120 were deposited on a microporous support, and the S-layer protein was(More)
In this work, we performed targeted immobilization of immunoglobulins by means of bacterial S-layer proteins from Bacillus coagulans E38-66/V1 recrystallized on liposomes, which were exploited as immobilization matrix for antibody (Ab)-human IgG. The study of interaction of rabbit or swine anti-human IgG as antigens (Ag) was performed by means of measuring(More)
The wealth of information existing on the general principle of S-layers has revealed a broad application potential. The most relevant features exploited in applied S-layer research are: (i) pores passing through S-layers show identical size and morphology and are in the range of ultrafiltration membranes; (ii) functional groups on the surface and in the(More)
Polyelectrolyte multilayer (PE) deposition and S-layer technology have been combined to make novel robust biomimetic surfaces and membranes. Isolated subunits of the bacterial cell surface layer from Bacillus sphaericus CCM2177 SbpA was self-assembled on PE multilayer supports, with the composition of the multilayer playing a crucial role in determining the(More)
In the current work we have developed a lab-on-a-chip containing embedded amperometric sensors in four microreactors that can be addressed individually and that are coated with crystalline surface protein monolayers to provide a continuous, stable, reliable and accurate detection of blood glucose. It is envisioned that the microfluidic device will be used(More)
The chimaeric gene encoding a C-terminally truncated form of the S-layer protein SbpA of Bacillus sphaericus CCM 2177 and the EGFP (enhanced green fluorescent protein) was ligated into plasmid pET28a and cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. Just 1 h after induction of expression an intense EGFP fluorescence was detected in the cytoplasm of the host(More)
We have developed a tunable, facile, and reliable cell patterning method using a self-assembled crystalline protein monolayer that, depending on its orientation, can exhibit either cell adhesive (cytophilic) or cell repulsive (cytophobic) surface properties. Our technique exploits, for the first time, the inherent biological anisotropy of the bacterial cell(More)