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The dopaminergic pathways are involved in natural and drug reward related processes. To compare the respective involvement of the dopaminergic receptors D1, D2 and D3 in natural-seeking versus drug-seeking behaviour and evaluate any concomitant expression of locomotor sensitisation. In separate experiments, male Wistar rats were trained to self-administer(More)
While the actions of glucocorticoids on brain functions have been comprehensively studied, the underlying genomic mechanisms are poorly understood. In this study, we show that glucocorticoid-induced leucine zipper (GILZ) mRNA is strongly and ubiquitously induced in rat brain. To decipher the molecular mechanisms underlying these genomic effects, it is of(More)
We have analysed the long-term psychoneuroendocrine effects of maternal deprivation (MD) [24 h at postnatal day (PND) 9] and/or exposure to chronic unpredictable stress (CUS) during the periadolescent period (PND 28 to PND 43) in male and female Wistar rats. Animals were tested in the elevated plus maze (EPM, anxiety) at PND 44 and in two memory tests,(More)
Chronically elevated circulating glucocorticoid levels are although to enhance vulnerability to psychopathology. Here we hypothesized that such sustained glucocorticoid levels, disturbing corticosterone pulsatility, attenuate glucocorticoid receptor signaling and target gene responsiveness to an acute challenge in the rat brain. Rats were implanted with(More)
Glucocorticoid hormones modulate brain function and as such are crucial for responding and adjusting to physical and psychological stressors. Their effects are mediated via mineralo- and glucocorticoid receptors, which in large measure act as transcription factors to modulate transcription of target genes, in a receptor-, cell-, and state-specific manner.(More)
Nuclear receptor coregulators are proteins that modulate the transcriptional activity of steroid receptors and may explain cell-specific effects of glucocorticoid receptor action. Based on the uneven distribution of a number of coregulators in CRH-expressing cells in the hypothalamus of the rat brain, we tested the hypothesis that these proteins are(More)
The function and regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis during ontogeny differs markedly from the situation in adult animals. Postnatally mice undergo a so-called stress hypo-responsive period, which is characterized by a relative inability of mild stressors to induce a marked corticosterone response. Steroid receptor coactivators(More)
Adaptation to stress in vertebrates occurs via activation of hormonal and neuronal signaling cascades in which corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) plays a central role. Expression of brain CRH is subject to strong, brain-region specific regulation by glucocorticoid hormones and neurogenic intracellular signals. We hypothesized that Steroid Receptor(More)
The two structurally related nuclear receptor corepressor (N-CoR) and silencing mediator of retinoid and thyroid receptors (SMRT) proteins have been found to differentially affect the transcriptional activity of numerous nuclear receptors, such as thyroid hormone, retinoic acid and steroid receptors. Because of the numerous effects mediated by nuclear(More)
Glucocorticoids act in part via glucocorticoid receptor binding to hormone response elements (HREs), but their direct target genes in vivo are still largely unknown. We developed the criterion that genomic occurrence of paired HREs at an inter-HRE distance less than 200 bp predicts hormone responsiveness, based on synergy of multiple HREs, and HRE(More)
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