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To examine the bacterial isolates from the burn patients and to compare the antibiograms of the predominant bacteria isolated from 51 patients who were hospitalized at least 3 weeks or more over a period of 7 months, a prospective study was undertaken. Periodic swabs were taken from burn wound, nasal, axillary, inguinal, and umbilical region of the patients(More)
OBJECTIVES This study described the clinical features, factors affecting the outcome of this disease, risk factors, and efficacy of ribavirin therapy for CCHF patients in Eastern Turkey. METHODS Between 2002 and 2004, 60 cases admitted to our hospital were included in this study. The diagnosis was confirmed through detection of IgM by ELISA and/or genomic(More)
To determine time related changes of microbial colonization of burn wounds and body flora of burned patients, a prospective study was carried out. Fifty-one patients who were hospitalized at least 3 weeks were enrolled in the study. Periodic swabs were taken from burn wound, nasal, axillary, inguinal, and umbilical regions of the patients on admission and(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the quality of antibiotic prophylaxis for clean and clean-contaminated elective surgical procedures. DESIGN A cross-sectional, country-wide survey. SETTING Thirty-six hospitals in 12 cities in Turkey. PARTICIPANTS Four hundred thirty-nine surgeons from 6 different specialties who performed selected procedures of interest. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was conducted to determine the risk factors for acquisition of imipenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (IRPA) in the burn unit. METHODS Patients hospitalized in the burn unit from July 2003 to November 2004 were included in this study. The features of patients with isolated IRPA were compared with those of patients with isolated(More)
In customized mass production, isolation of Process Planning (PP) and Scheduling stages has a critical effect on the efficiency of production. In this study, to overcome this isolation problem, we propose an integrated system that does PP and Scheduling in parallel and responds to fluctuations in job floor on time. One common problem observed in integration(More)
The total annual expenditure of antimicrobials in Turkey in 2002 was 24% of all drug spending. In order to reduce the cost of drug expenditure, the Turkish government introduced a new restriction policy on the prescription of antimicrobials in June 2003. This new policy is based on the justification that the physicians specializing in infectious diseases(More)
Part selection and machine loading are two major problems in the production planning phase of the flexible manufacturing systems. The problems have a combinatorial structure and usually, in practice, it is difficult to deal with this kind of problems using a mathematical programming model. In this paper, the above problems are formulated as a mixed-integer(More)
Various types of cardiovascular complications, such as myocardial infarction, cardiac arrhythmias, cardiomyopathy, and myocarditis attributed to interferon therapy have been reported. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cardiac effects of interferon-α (IFN-α) in patients with chronic hepatitis B infection. Forty-five patients with chronic hepatitis B(More)