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The antimutagenicity of the cell extracts of Propionibacterium shermanii VKM-103, P. pentosaceum CCM 1859 and P. acnes CCM 3322 against mutagenicity of sodium azide and N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine was demonstrated for the first time. The extracts of propionic acid cocci didn't show such effect. The antimutagenic factor acts as a desmutagen, has(More)
The accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power station in 1986 led to the dispersal of large amounts of a variety of radioactive materials, most importantly uranium, plutonium, 137Cs, 131I and 90Sr, over very large distances estimated to reach as far as Sweden, Norway, Turkey and possibly the USA. As a consequence, the soil on which the radioactive materials(More)
Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common highly disabling disorder with a large hereditary component. It is characterized by a loss of pelvic floor support that leads to the herniation of the uterus in or outside the vagina. Genome-wide linkage studies have shown an evidence of POP association with the region 9q21 and six other loci in European pedigrees.(More)
Lactic acid and propionic acid bacteria, bifidobacteria, and fecal enterococci associated with the activity of humans and animals caused antimutagenic effects (AME) on many test systems designed for detecting point mutations and chromosomal aberrations. Bacterial cells and some of their metabolites attenuate the mutagenic action of several genotoxic agents,(More)
The relationship between mutagenic activity and chemical structure was studied for 54 polycyclic compounds using two approaches: multiple linear regression analysis and artificial neural networks. Structural fragments, quantum chemical indices, and hydrophobicity (octanol–water partition coefficient) were used as descriptors (properties of the molecules(More)
A new method for assessing the efficiency of batteries of arbitrary numbers of tests is proposed. The posterior probability of the mutagenicity of the substances studied has been estimated using discriminant analysis. The results of tests in each test system has been presented as the probability to obtain a positive result in the given test system. This has(More)
It was shown for first time that propionic acid bacteria excrete in the medium substances with antimutagenic activity against mutagenicity of 4-nitroquinoline-N-oxide in Salmonella typhimurium TA100. The substances act as antimutagens. Antimutagenic action of filtrate of culture liquid increased with time preincubation with mutagen and dose increase. The(More)
The review highlights the history of genetic toxicology as a distinct research area, as well as the issues of genetic toxicology and development of its methodology. The strategies and testing patterns of genotoxic compounds are discussed with the purpose of identifying potential human carcinogens, as well as compounds capable of inducing heritable mutations(More)
The in silico analysis of 36 sequenced genomes of bacteria of the Bifidobacterium genus determined the presence of 19 genes of toxin-antitoxin (TA) system that belong to the MazEF and RelBE families, including five mazF and two relE genes that encode toxins and 12 relB genes that encode antitoxins. A high level of gene (at the level of nucleotide changes)(More)
The applicability of alkaline comet assay to studying the organ specificity of the genotoxic effects of drugs has been estimated using cells from four organs of mice (the liver, lungs, spleen, and brain). It has been found that cyclophosphamide damages DNA in all the four organs; and dioxidine, in all organs except the brain. It is concluded that this(More)