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Turkey, especially its eastern part, has been accepted as endemic for vitamin D deficiency rickets (VDDR). In a study performed by our team in the region in 1998, the incidence of VDDR was 6.09% in children aged between 0-3 years. In 2005, the Ministry of Health initiated a free vitamin D supplementation campaign nationwide for every infant to eradicate(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE Data on immunization are generally based on questionnaire methods or evaluation of health records in most of the developing countries like Turkey. Therefore, serological studies are useful to appraise the impact of vaccination programmes and to improve immunization policies. This serological study was undertaken to determine the(More)
The aim of this study was to show the interactions between nicotine dependency, exhaled carbon monoxide (CO) and smoking status including environmental passive tobacco smoke exposure in a sample of Turkish adolescents. This study was a cross-sectional research conducted among high school students of Erzurum province (n=536). The level of exhaled CO of all(More)
BACKGROUND Commercial sources of information are known to have greater influence than scientific sources on general practitioners' (GPs) prescribing behavior in under developed and developing countries. The study aimed to determine the self-reported impact of pharmaceutical promotion on the decision-making process of prescription of GPs in Eastern Turkey.(More)
OBJECTIVE To check the effectiveness of peer-led education in improving the knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of high school students regarding viral hepatitis (VH). METHODS This study was conducted at 29 high schools in Erzurum city center, Turkey between February and May 2007. The study design is a prospective before-and-after intervention trial. In(More)
OBJECTIVES Haemoglobinopathies are the most widespread inherited disorders in the world, and are also common in Turkey. Haemoglobinopathies are preventable with control programmes. Therefore, the Ministry of Health initiated a control and prevention programme in 33 provinces in Turkey. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of(More)
BACKGROUND It has been reported that there are great deal of changes in the epidemiology of hepatitis A at the present. The epidemiologic studies regarding to hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection are not sufficient both in the country and study region. OBJECTIVE To investigate HAV seroprevalence and association with socio-demographic variables. DESIGN(More)
Sepsis is a serious medical condition that is characterized by a whole-body inflammatory state and the presence of a known or suspected infection. Amiodarone is a class III antiarrhythmic agent, a multichannel blocker (Ca++, Na+, and K+), and a noncompetitive α- and β-adrenergic blocker in cardiac cells. The present study aimed to determine whether(More)
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) induces hepatic damage. Propolis exhibits antioxidant properties and several studies suggest that supplementations with antioxidants can influence hepatotoxicity. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to explore the effectiveness of propolis in alleviating the toxicity of TCDD in the liver of rats. Animals(More)