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This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of various cognitive disorders in the older population (age 55 years and above) of Eskisehir, Turkey, by conducting a cluster sampled door-to-door survey. A total of 3100 inhabitants were screened with the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and a questionnaire concerning demographic, occupational and social(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with pseudo-dementia are at particular risk of being labeled as Alzheimer dementia. We thus need better diagnostic methods. In this study, we evaluated the cerebral reactivity of the posterior cerebral arteries (PCAs) during visual stimulation by transcranial Doppler ultrasonography. METHODS The study group consisted of 13 and 11(More)
Palatal tremor is a rare movement disorder characterized by rhythmic movement of the soft palate. There are two subtypes: essential and symptomatic palatal tremor. Essential palatal tremor is characterized by tinnitus and an absence of other neurological deficits. Different treatment options have been used to treat palatal tremor, with varying success(More)
The purpose of this study was to measure the effects of electromagnetic waves (EMW) at 900 MHz. EMW were produced by a signal generator and were administered to mice via an antenna. The frequency of the waves was tested by a spectrum analyser and a frequency-meter. The emitted power was 0.25 mW. A total of 117 mice (59 prepubertal and 58 adult) was used.(More)
Marcus Gunn jaw winking synkinesis (MGJWS) is caused by congenital miswiring of a branch of the fifth cranial nerve into the branch of the third cranial nerve supplying the levator muscle. It has been observed in 2-13% of patients with congenital ptosis. Although bilateral cases were reported, most were unilateral and occurred more frequently on the left(More)
Amyloid β42 (Aβ42) and proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) have been suggested to contribute to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and vascular dementia (VaD). Our aim was to examine whether the changes in these parameters would be able to discriminate the patients with AD from those with(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify the risk factors for falling after stroke, to establish the relation with lesion localisation, and to evaluate the incidence of falling. METHODS The falling history and the mood of 293 patients with stroke were investigated by a standard questionnaire. Other information (time since stroke, risk factors, and CT) about patients was(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of micro embolic signals (MES) in patients with a cerebral ischaemia using transcranial doppler monitoring and to find out its diagnostic relevance. We prospectively performed bilateral multigated transcranial doppler monitoring from both middle cerebral arteries in 359 patients with an acute or recent(More)
Hyperhomocysteinemia is as a risk factor for increased vascular disease in l-dopa-treated Parkinson disease (PD) patients. This effect of l-dopa is associated with the metabolism of l-dopa by methylation. This study aimed to assess the effect of pergolide on plasma homocysteine levels. Plasma homocysteine levels were compared between PD patients treated(More)
We assessed the effect of intravenous high-dose methylprednisolone (IVMP) on cerebral reactivity in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients during exacerbations by means of functional transcranial Doppler imaging. Forty-eight clinically defined MS patients were evaluated with visual evoked potentials (VEP) and functional transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) of(More)