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The purpose of this study was to assess whether physiologic changes in canine myocardium due to coronary blood flow reduction, ischemia, and infarction could be detected by changes in dielectrical properties. Measurements were made in the frequency range of 0.2–6.0 GHz. Percent coronary blood flow reduction was linearly related to the decrease in ∈′′ at(More)
Microwave tomographic imaging is one of the new technologies which has the potential for important applications in medicine. Microwave tomographically reconstructed images may potentially provide information about the physiological state of tissue as well as the anatomical structure of an organ. A two-dimensional (2-D) prototype of a quasi real-time(More)
Microwave tomographic approach is proposed to detect and image breast cancers. Taking into account the big difference in dielectrical properties between normal and malignant tissues, we have proposed using the microwave tomographic method to image a human breast. Because of the anatomical features of the objects, this case has to be referred to the(More)
We studied dielectrical properties of canine myocardium during acute ischemia and hypoxia using dielectrical spectroscopy method at frequency spectrum from 100 kHz to 6 GHz. This study was conducted on a group of six canines with acute ischemia and seven canines with hypoxia. Hypoxia (10% for 30 min) decreases myocardial resistance (rho), while the(More)
The purpose of this study was to construct a microwave tomographic system capable of conducting experiments with whole scale biological objects and to demonstrate the feasibility of microwave tomography for imaging such objects using a canine model. Experiments were conducted using a three-dimensional (3-D) microwave tomographic system with working chamber(More)
A method of image reconstruction in three-dimensional (3-D) microwave tomography in a weak dielectric contrast case has been developed. By utilizing only one component of the vector electromagnetic field this method allows successful reconstruction of images of 3-D mathematical phantoms. A prototype of the 3-D microwave tomographic system capable of imaging(More)
We have demonstrated previously that the dielectric properties of myocardium at microwave spectrum are a sensitive indicator of its blood content, ischemia, and infarction. The purpose of this study is to validate the feasibility of microwave tomography for detection of myocardial infarction based on the differences in dielectric properties between normal(More)
Tissue samples ranging from 2 to 16 mm in thickness were irradiated at 1064 nm with energies ranging from 40 to 2400 J. Coagulation lesions of in vitro and in vivo experiments were subjected to temperature profiling and submitted for histology. Irreversible damage was calculated with the damage integral formalism, following the bioheat equation solved with(More)
The proposed dielectrical relaxation model of the myocardium in the microwave spectrum has been verified both on test solutions and on normal canine myocardium. Furthermore, the model was utilized to reconstruct the changes in tissue properties (including myocardial bulk resistance and water content) following myocardial acute ischemia and chronic(More)