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The appA gene that was previously shown to code for an acid phosphatase instead codes for a bifunctional enzyme exhibiting both acid phosphatase and phytase activities. The purified enzyme with a molecular mass of 44,708 Da was further separated by chromatofocusing into two isoforms of identical size with isoelectric points of 6.5 and 6.3. The isoforms had(More)
Phytases catalyze the hydrolysis of phytate and are able to improve the nutritional quality of phytate-rich diets. Escherichia coli phytase, a member of the histidine acid phosphatase family has the highest specific activity of all phytases characterized. The crystal structure of E. coli phytase has been determined by a two-wavelength anomalous diffraction(More)
To address the problem of manure-based environmental pollution in the pork industry, we have developed the phytase transgenic pig. The saliva of these pigs contains the enzyme phytase, which allows the pigs to digest the phosphorus in phytate, the most abundant source of phosphorus in the pig diet. Without this enzyme, phytate phosphorus passes undigested(More)
We have developed transgenic mouse models to determine whether endogenous expression of phytase transgenes in the digestive tract of monogastric animals can increase the bioavailability of dietary phytate, a major but indigestible form of dietary phosphorus. We constructed phytase transgenes composed of the appA phytase gene from Escherichia coli regulated(More)
RNA interference is a recent, gene silencing technique that could be extremely valuable in studying gene function, treating diseases, and developing novel animal models for human diseases. Here, we investigated the feasibility of applying shRNA-mediated RNA interference in fetal fibroblasts for silencing of the myostatin gene and investigate adverse effects(More)
In this study iTRAQ was used to produce a highly confident catalogue of 542 proteins identified in porcine muscle (false positive<5%). To our knowledge this is the largest reported set of skeletal muscle proteins in livestock. Comparison with human muscle proteome demonstrated a low level of false positives with 83% of the proteins common to both proteomes.(More)
The genomic structure and generational stability of the transgene carried by the Cassie (CA) line of the transgenic Enviropig™, a prospective food animal, are reported here. This transgene is composed of the Escherichia coli phytase coding sequence regulated by the mouse parotid secretory protein promoter to direct secretion of phytase in the saliva. In the(More)
Several methods have been developed for suppression of endogenous spermatogenesis in recipient males before spermatogonial stem cells transfer. Currently the chemical treatment with alkylating agent busulfan is the method of choice in mammals. Still, in different mammalian species wide variability in optimal doses of busulfan has been demonstrated, whereas(More)
Influenza A virus represents a significant health and economic threat to both humans and animals worldwide. The polymerase III human H1 promoter was used to express nine short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) targeting nucleocapsid protein (NP) or the acidic component of polymerase complex (PA) genes of avian influenza virus. Tested shRNAs led to a decrease of up to(More)
A high-resolution comprehensive map was constructed for porcine chromosome (SSC) 6, where quantitative trait loci (QTL) for reproduction and meat quality traits have been reported to exist. A radiation hybrid (RH) map containing 105 gene-based markers and 15 microsatellite markers was constructed for this chromosome using a 3000-rad porcine/hamster RH(More)