Serguei P. Golovan

Learn More
The appA gene that was previously shown to code for an acid phosphatase instead codes for a bifunctional enzyme exhibiting both acid phosphatase and phytase activities. The purified enzyme with a molecular mass of 44,708 Da was further separated by chromatofocusing into two isoforms of identical size with isoelectric points of 6.5 and 6.3. The isoforms had(More)
Phytases catalyze the hydrolysis of phytate and are able to improve the nutritional quality of phytate-rich diets. Escherichia coli phytase, a member of the histidine acid phosphatase family has the highest specific activity of all phytases characterized. The crystal structure of E. coli phytase has been determined by a two-wavelength anomalous diffraction(More)
To address the problem of manure-based environmental pollution in the pork industry, we have developed the phytase transgenic pig. The saliva of these pigs contains the enzyme phytase, which allows the pigs to digest the phosphorus in phytate, the most abundant source of phosphorus in the pig diet. Without this enzyme, phytate phosphorus passes undigested(More)
We have developed transgenic mouse models to determine whether endogenous expression of phytase transgenes in the digestive tract of monogastric animals can increase the bioavailability of dietary phytate, a major but indigestible form of dietary phosphorus. We constructed phytase transgenes composed of the appA phytase gene from Escherichia coli regulated(More)
RNA interference is a recent, gene silencing technique that could be extremely valuable in studying gene function, treating diseases, and developing novel animal models for human diseases. Here, we investigated the feasibility of applying shRNA-mediated RNA interference in fetal fibroblasts for silencing of the myostatin gene and investigate adverse effects(More)
In this study iTRAQ was used to produce a highly confident catalogue of 542 proteins identified in porcine muscle (false positive<5%). To our knowledge this is the largest reported set of skeletal muscle proteins in livestock. Comparison with human muscle proteome demonstrated a low level of false positives with 83% of the proteins common to both proteomes.(More)
Sex-sorted bovine semen has become a valuable tool in animal production for sex preselection. Development of novel sperm sexing technologies, or evaluation of the quality of existing methods, often requires a single-sperm, sex-typing method that is reliable and easy to perform. In the present study, we report the development, validation, and application of(More)
When screening an Escherichia coli gene library for myo-inositol hexakisphosphate (InsP6) phosphatases (phytases), we discovered that the agp-encoded acid glucose-1-phosphatase also possesses this activity. Purified Agp hydrolyzes glucose-1-phosphate, p-nitrophenyl phosphate, and InsP6 with pH optima, 6.5, 3.5, and 4.5, respectively, and was stable when(More)
Sperm-mediated gene transfer (SMGT) might become the most efficient and cost effective technique to generate transgenic animals, which will significantly increase their application in biomedical research and in commercial production. Despite some successes, the technique has remained controversial for almost 20 years and despite number of studies the(More)
A recombinant form of Escherichia coli phytase, which hydrolyzes phytic acid into phosphate and myo-inositol, has been expressed, purified and crystallized. Crystals have been obtained by the method of bulk crystallization in 10 mM sodium acetate buffer (pH 4.5) without using a conventional precipitant. The enzyme crystallized in space group P21, with(More)