Serguei Liachenko

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Various iron-oxide nanoparticles have been in use for a long time as therapeutic and imaging agents and for supplemental delivery in cases of iron-deficiency. While all of these products have a specified size range of ∼40 nm and above, efforts are underway to produce smaller particles, down to ∼1 nm. Here, we show that after a 24-h exposure of SHSY-5Y human(More)
Neurotoxicity has been linked to a number of common drugs and chemicals, yet efficient and accurate methods to detect it are lacking. There is a need for more sensitive and specific biomarkers of neurotoxicity that can help diagnose and predict neurotoxicity that are relevant across animal models and translational from nonclinical to clinical data.(More)
We present a new approach for quantifying the degradation of knee cartilage in the medial meniscal tear (MMT) model of osteoarthritis in the rat. A statistical strategy was used to guide the selection of a region of interest (ROI) from the images obtained from a pilot study. We hypothesize that this strategy can be used to localize a region of cartilage(More)
PURPOSE To measure the reproducibility of T2 relaxation and to determine the statistical power of T2 mapping in the rat brain as a characteristic of the baseline performance of the T2 relaxation as a potential biomarker of neurotoxicity. MATERIALS AND METHODS Multislice multiecho spin-echo imaging was utilized to obtain the quantitative T2 maps in 138(More)
The aim of this study was to assess quantitative changes in T2 relaxation using magnetic resonance imaging approaches in rats exposed to kainic acid to assess the utility of such endpoints as biomarkers of neurotoxicity. Quantitative T2 mapping was performed in 21 rats before and 2, 24, and 48 h after a single ip injection of 10 mg/kg of kainic acid. Three(More)
MRI was utilized to probe T2 changes in living brain following exposure of rats to one of ten classical neurotoxicants. Brains were subsequently perfused for classical neuropathology examination. This approach was predicated on the assumption that the T2 changes represent loci of neurotoxicity encompassing those seen using neuropathology techniques. The(More)
Prolonged vitamin B1 (thiamine) deficiency can lead to neurological disorders such as Wernicke's encephalopathy and Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome (WKS) in humans. These thiamine deficiency disorders have been attributed to vascular leakage, blood-brain barrier breakdown and neuronal loss in the diencephalon and brain stem. However, endothelial dysfunction(More)
Longitudinal MRI employing diffusion tensor imaging and T2 mapping approaches has been applied to investigate the mechanisms of white matter damage caused by acute hexachlorophene neurotoxicity in rats in vivo. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were administered hexachlorophene orally once a day for five consecutive days at a dose of 30mg/kg and were monitored in 7T(More)
We utilized proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy to evaluate the metabolic profile of the hippocampus and anterior cingulate cortex of the developing rat brain from postnatal days 14-70. Measured metabolite concentrations were modeled using linear, exponential, or logarithmic functions and the time point at which the data reached plateau (i.e. when the(More)
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